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Join the online conversation on migration and human mobility

Migration and human mobility

Human mobility within and between countries is shaped by a range of diverse economic, social and political interrelations, including those that are fundamental aspects of the development process. Social, economic and demographic inequalities, including in relation to employment opportunities, resources, education or human rights, as well as the impacts of natural and human-made disasters, are amongst the diverse factors that drive migration. In turn, migration itself can affect these factors, with implications for human development. There is a two-way, positive and negative link: migration can result from lack of development and, at the same time, underdevelopment can be alleviated or exacerbated by migration.

Noting this complex relationship, efforts to establish a robust post-2015 UN development framework must give proper consideration to and create an understanding of both the complex links between migration and development and of the practical means available to leverage the benefits of migration for development while managing its costs and unintended consequences. A related challenge is to identify how, and in what form, migration and human mobility can be incorporated into the post-2015 framework, however it emerges.

Join the conversation with Rainer Münz and Khalid Koser as they exchange views on migration and the post-2015 UN development agenda


  Rainer Münz   Khalid Koser  
  Dr. Rainer Münz.  

Dr. Khalid Koser



Rainer Münz is Head of Research & Knowledge Center (Erste Group), Head of the Board of Erste School of Banking and Finance (Erste Group), Non-resident Fellow of the Migration Policy Institute,WashingtonDC, and Senior Fellow at the Hamburg Institute of International Economics (HWWI).

He is an expert on population change, international migration and demographic aging, their economic impact and their implications for retail banking and social security systems. He studied at Vienna University, where he earned his PhD in 1978. In 1979 he joined the Austrian Academy of Sciences. Until 1992 he was director of the Institute of Demography at the Austrian Academy of Science. Between 1992 and 2003 he was head of the Department of Demography at Humboldt University, Berlin. He was visiting professor at the Universities of Bamberg (1986), University of California at Berkeley (1986, 1989, 1997-98), Frankfurt (1988), Klagenfurt (1996, 1998), Vienna (2001-02) and Zurich (1992). He also was Senior Research Fellow at the Department of Mathematics of Finance, Technical University Vienna (2001-2002). Currently he teaches at the University of St. Gallen. 

Dr. Khalid Koser is Deputy Director and Academic Dean at the Geneva Centre for Security Policy. He is also Non-Resident Senior Fellow in Foreign Policy Studies at the Brookings Institution, Associate Fellow at Chatham House, Research Associate at the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies in Geneva, and Non-Resident Fellow at the Lowy Institute in Sydney. Dr Koser is chair of the UK’s Independent Advisory Group on Country Information, vice-chair of the World Economic Forum Global Agenda Council on Migration, and editor of the Journal of Refugee Studies.

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