Final Report: Consultations on Growth and Employment
Growth and employment at the centre of the post-2015 development agenda
We are pleased to launch the final report of the global consultations on growth and employment in the post-2015 development agenda. Donwload it here.
A global crisis demanding global action
We are facing a global jobs crisis of unprecedented proportions. Global unemployment increased from 170 million in 2007 to nearly 202 million in 2012, of which about 75 million are young women and men (ILO). The absence of job opportunities increase inequalities, weaken social cohesion and diminish trust in political leadership and institutions. Nearly 900 million workers - one in every three workers – live below the US$2 poverty line and that poverty eradication is only possible through stable and well-paid jobs.
The creation of quality jobs will remain a major challenge for almost all economies well beyond 2015. For instance, 470 million jobs are needed globally for new entrants to the labour market between 2016 and 2030.
Time to act and confront this global crisis with bold policies and strategies is now. The discussions on the post-2015 agenda represent a unique opportunity to put the creation of jobs and at the centre of the new framework. Growth and employment was one of the 11 themes on we which we organized consultations with nearly 1 million people on what should replace the MDGs. Such a global outreach effort enabled us to have a better understanding of the concerns citizens have regarding employment – as well as to put together their main recommendations to UN Member States and to the Open Working Group on Sustainable Development Goals, which are taking the lead in the post-2015 planning processes.
Some of the key recommendations from the participants of this global consultation are:
- Adopting a stand-alone goal on employment in the post-2015 agenda with clear and measurable indicators.
- Shifting the policy attention and public discourse from the quantity to the quality of growth, focusing on a type of growth that is inclusive, generating decent jobs and reducing income inequalities.
- Considering combining economic growth with the creation of decent jobs for the poor and most vulnerable as a pre-requisite for sustained inclusive growth.
- Addressing the structural causes of unemployment and promoting economic diversification and recognizing that governments must be responsible for driving structural transformation through coherent policies.
- Governments to be more proactive in providing incentives to accelerate discovering and developing economic sectors with high capacity to generate employment.
- Industrial policy to be brought back into the development agenda as a critical driver for stimulating inclusive growth and increasing employment generation.
- Expanding social protection systems as a crucial policy tools to reducing poverty and inequality and fostering social cohesion.
- Combining expanded social protection with employment generation programmes especially targeting women and low-skilled workers.
- Strengthening social dialogue and the voice of workers so as to improve working conditions and ensure fair distribution of benefits.
- Complementing official development assistance with reforms in the international trade, finance and technology transfer systems so that they are more conducive to employment generation in less developed countries.