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Matthew Stockton
on Fri, November 30, 2012 at 06.55 pm
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Population Dynamics

Reports on Population Dynamics

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reports, Population dynamics, demography, Human geography, Environment, Science, Urbanization, Population growth, Sustainability, Index of psychology articles, social issues
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Population Growth, Population Dynamics, Urbanization, Sustainability
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Anonymous from
Wed, January 9, 2013 at 08.40 pm
HUMAN RIGHTS OF THE IRREGULAR MIGRANTS NEED POLICY WITH HUMAN FACE
In the light of all developmental challenges facing many developing countries, migration has come to play a long-lasting key role. Migration has become the only option for some people in order to secure better socio-economic condition. Migration is also a better option for teaming youths despite the palpable danger they are likely to face in their bid to seek for the greener pasture in other countries. However it is not only youths that are migrating, large proportion of people are moving on daily basis for various socio-economic activities ranging from petty businesses, conferences and meetings, leisure, education to vehicle purchasing, human trafficking, employment opportunity and exploration. More often than not, the migrant youth themselves do not make informed decisions before embarking on their journey, and thus making them to become irregular migrants in their own sub-region, for example, in ECOWAS and CEAS.

Evidence gathered by some scholars, as well as nongovernmental organisations, supported by international and regional organisations including the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) and the International Organisation of Migration (IOM) indicates that the large majority of potential undocumented migrants make the decision to undertake the migration process based on negligible or inadequate information about the risks involved, and as a result their rights are violated not only at the border posts but also in their countries of destination especially in Maghreb and European countries.

According to Fortress Europe the current figure for migrant fatalities whilst trying to enter Europe is 14,921. Out of these 10,925 migrants died in the Mediterranean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean whilst trying to reach the Spanish Canary Islands. The proportion of female migrants that died while attempting to cross to these Islands is not known though a sizeable number of them are women. Crossing from Ceuta to Canary Island is an albatross because of the fortified barriers which irregular migrants still dare. Crossing the Sahara Desert involves a long, difficult journey. The lorries used to transport migrants are usually overcrowded and in a bad state of repair. People can die or suffer serious illness from sunstroke and dehydration in the inclement desert; a further 1,691 lost their lives trying to cross Sahara desert. Conditions sometimes grow worse to the extent that some of the migrants resort to drinking their own urine for lack of water in the desert, so says a returnee.
Bearing a refugee status or internally displaced person is better than having a deportee status because of the shame, stigma, loss of dignity and self-esteem always attached to such personality. As result many of the deportees do not go back to their home state once deported to their native country; they prefer to stay in another town where they are not popular or where little or nothing is known about their plight. While some female deportees adopt antisocial behavior such as begging for alms or prostitution, some of them indeed in the process become destitute. Ultimately, divorce or permanent separation is the available option for some.

The problem of irregular migration is linked to lack of proper documentation and the right information on migration which often leads to migrants’ rights violation made worse by lack of migrant-responsive policy in country of origin, transit country or country of final destination.

Thank you.
Tola Winjobi tolawinjobi58@yahoo.com
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