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1. How do we ensure that all people, especially the most vulnerable and marginalized, have the food, water, energy, health care and education they need?

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¿Cómo conseguir que todas las personas, especialmente las más vulnerables y marginadas, tengan la comida, el agua, la energía, los servicios de sanidad y la educación que necesitan?
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Comment s’assurer que toutes les personnes, en particulier les plus vulnérables et marginalisées, ont accès à l’alimentation, l'eau, l'énergie, les soins médicaux et l’éducation dont elles ont besoin? 
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Anonymous from
Sun, December 23, 2012 at 09.02 pm

Food security,the most basic of human needs.

Reduce in equilities of wealth

Provide education and income generation tools and techniques 

educate formers communities scientific way of forming 

 Every chiled have right primry education free in developing countries

millions of peoples have no access of safe drinking water

Anonymous from
Sun, December 23, 2012 at 09.02 pm

Food security,the most basic of human needs.

Reduce in equilities of wealth

Provide education and income generation tools and techniques 

educate formers communities scientific way of forming 

 Every chiled have right primry education free in developing countries

millions of peoples have no access of safe drinking water

Anonymous from
Wed, November 7, 2012 at 10.40 am

Having consulted with Progressio's country offices and partners in Haiti, Dominican Republic, Zimbabwe, Malawi and Somaliland, Progressio would like to make an additional contribution to this consultation.

In order to ensure that all people, especially the most vulnerable and marginalised, have the food, water, energy, health care and education they need, there must be:

  • Particular attention to the poorest people living in fragile and conflict-affected states.
  • Ownership and means of accountability within all programmes and policies.
  • Development and investment in energy, water and agricultural sectors in least developed countries, with a pro-poor focus.
  • Concerted action on the impacts of climate change and vulnerability to climate-induced disasters.
  • Prioritisation given to women and girls so that they may participate in all processes and have equal access to the above.
  • Increased focus on water security, which is broader than ensuring universal access to water, sanitation and hygiene. Water is becoming increasingly scarce and yet it is fundamental to food security and the livelihoods of smallholder farmers.
DrJosephine AcostaPasricha from
Wed, November 7, 2012 at 09.45 am
Empowerment of women and girl child; redesign of structures.
Anonymous from
Wed, November 7, 2012 at 06.18 am

Empowerment  Structures for Poverty Eradication

 

 

If people, the ultimate stakeholders, are powerful, they will ensure that their problems are solved.

 

The power should include governance power and political power. Power in terms of an ongoing

say on how they are governed and how laws  affecting their lives are made.

 

This will not come about until people have on-going forums where they could influence

decisions and policies.

 

Unfortunately no such forums are available for people.

 

The present forums for participation –  electoral constituencies -

are too big to be handled by the poor and the affected. The bigger a forum  the more it

becomes the game of bigger voices. The small voices go unattended.

 

The need is for small-sized forums of governance participation and political participation.

 

These forums have to be accessible to people and include all.  Hence they have to be

neighbourhood-based. Call them neighbourhood communities, neighbourhood assemblies,

neighbourhood parliaments or so.

 

We could get them federated at levels like that of the village, panchayat, block,

district, state, nation, regions and the world. Taking special care to ensure that at each level of the federation, they continue to remain small-sized face to face communities.

 

By small-sized face-to face forums, we mean, forums where people could all sit together in one

circle and talk without a microphone.

 

In such a forum everybody, even the last and the least, will have a face,  a name, an identity,

attention and scope to participate. Everybody’s tears will be noticed and responded to.

 

The first level forum (ie. neighbourhood forum), especially, should remains accessible to, and within the grip of, the people at the base. If they lost grip on the very first forum of participation, and control, they have lost control on the entire process. They will end up as mere helpless and passive observers.

 

Being  small–sized the forums at every level can have also an additional advantage:

.

When any representative elected from one level of the federation to the level immediately above doesn’t measure up  people can immediately recall the person and send someone else any day without huge election costs. Thus the whole system could remain answerable to the people at the base.

 

The millions of present-day self-help groups could be  easily be turned into governance participation and political participation groups.

 

All we have to ensure is the territorial identity and the resultant territorial accountability leading to monitoring-by-people and deeper democracy.

Alvar Bramble from
Wed, November 7, 2012 at 11.26 am

The forums you refer to already exist in the form of national legislatures. However,  people in developing nations usually have no access to those forums or legislatures because of postal services in developing countries are inadequate for the simple task of delivering a letter to a legislator, and then delivering the reply from the legislator back to the citizen who originated the correspondence.
The UPU http://www.upu.int/en.html   is hard at work in eliminating this constraint with the Addressing the World Initiative: An Address for Everyone. http://globalsosnet.cfsites.org

Anonymous from
Wed, November 7, 2012 at 08.47 am

This is really what most developing nation lack at all levels. Wonderful observation.

Joanna Hoffman from
Tue, November 6, 2012 at 09.20 pm

Ensuring that the essential needs of all people—especially the vulnerable and marginalized—are met entails involving those same people in the development of programs and policies which affect them. Direct stakeholder input must not be tokenistic, but involve substantial civil society representation in panels, task forces, and working groups. In particular, girls, women, indigenous populations, LGBTQ individuals, those living in low-resource environments, and disabled populations need meaningful representation. This representation should be ongoing, throughout the design, implementation, monitoring and evaluation stages.

In terms of health, maternal health must be viewed not as a “women’s issue”, but as a human rights issue. Affordable, stigma-free, and quality maternal health care before, during and after childbirth should be made available to all citizens. Family planning must be recognized as a proven life-saving and cost-effective resource, and made accessible and affordable to all citizens, including young people. Funding for maternal and reproductive health must be prioritized by and within governments, rather than relying on donor support.

Girls’ education should be viewed as a top priority for global development, and understood as having a positive domino-effect on the well-being of families, communities and nations. When girls are educated, their marriages are delayed, they earn more for their families and communities, they are less likely to die during pregnancy and childbirth, and their children are more likely to grow up healthy and educated. Governments must work to ensure that schools are safe spaces for girls, with no-tolerance policies for gender inequality, sexual abuse, or harassment, and with adequate sanitation facilities.

--Joanna Hoffman, Women Deliver

Jacques Désiré Balogog from
Tue, November 6, 2012 at 12.57 pm

le développement concerne beaucoup plus les personnes que les Etats.Donc si dans le développement de l'après 2015 repose sur les groupe marginalisés(femmes,peuple autochtones,les jeunes ,les population locales et les enfants) cela revient à dire que nous reconnaissons les OMD n"ont pas connu le succès escompté.

Nous pouvons veiller en rendant le développement de l'après 2015 incusif et participatif.C'est à dire que nous devons aider les personnes vunerables et marginalisées à mieux s'organiser et à etre inclus dans tous les debats et processus de mise en oeuvre des stratégies d'accès aux moyens d'existances.De la,ils pourrons d'eux memes dire les ressources en eau qu'il faudra valoriser ou créer,les moyens qu'il faudra pous booster la production agropastorale,

pour l'education et la santé,aider à ce que le gouvernement crée encore plus d'etablissement et de centre de santé que les premiers soins de santé soient à la charge de l'Etat et que ce soient juste les soins secondaires qui reviennent aux patients.Que l'education au niveau primaire soit effectivement gratuite.

Que la societe civile soit impliquée à tous les niveaux de prises dedescision de realisation et d'evaluation.

Corinna Heineke from
Mon, November 5, 2012 at 10.16 am

On Friday, 2nd November 2012, Prime Minister David Cameron was quoted by the BBC as saying that “there needed to be a renewed focus on tackling the causes of poverty”. One such cause in the context of household poverty can be out-of-pocket payments for health care. According to the 2010 World Health Report approximately 100 million people are plunged into poverty every year because of direct payments for treatment or urgent consultations, while 150 million a year face extreme financial hardship due to health care payments that make up more than 40% of their household income (after basic needs have been met).

One way to address this tragedy is to work towards universal health coverage – and as part of the Action for Global Health Network we would urge the High-level Panel and UN Member States to make this a priority target in the post-2015 framework. The provision of essential health services, including prevention and promotion, improves health outcomes, thereby facilitating people to provide for themselves. And financial risk protection – preferably from nationally pooled resources – prevents people from being pushed into poverty.

The new health goal should have an overarching holistic aim of improving human wellbeing, which could help mitigate against an overly narrow, target-driven approach and embrace so far neglected issues, including those affecting the elderly, disability, chronic diseases and mental health, must be given more attention.
The MDGs must address equity and in particular measurement of progress must be disaggregated by factors such as income, gender and ethnicity. Health should be seen as a cross-cutting issue across a range of policy areas which are determinants of health. This is also a way to address the root causes of poverty and ill-health.

Julia Day from
Mon, November 5, 2012 at 10.00 am

Contribution from ESRC STEPS Centre, Institute of Development Studies and SPRU, University of Sussex, UK

Globally co-ordinated efforts such as development goals can play an important role in helping to mobilise aid, however long-term change will come from building local capabilities, and fostering governance arrangements that empower people and communities to choose and enact their own pathways to sustainable development.  At the same time, the opportunities for continued development (including access to food, water, energy, health care and education) will be constrained if activities in richer parts of the world continue to exacerbate the problems of climate change and biodiversity loss, and threaten to take the world beyond other planetary boundaries.

The ESRC STEPS Centre project ‘Innovation, Sustainability, Development: A New Manifesto’ explored these issues with partners around the world in 20 roundtables.  Emerging from the New Manifesto project, our work argues for a ‘3D agenda’ for innovation through to 2015 and beyond, highlighting not just the rate and scale of innovation, but placing a greater emphasis on:

- the Direction of innovation – towards defined sustainability objectives
- more equitable Distribution of the costs, benefits and risks associated with innovation
- the value of  Diversity in social, technological and ecological systems and in the kinds of innovation approaches that can contribute to sustainable development

Together, these translate not to specific sets of goals, but into three key points which the STEPS Centre believes are vital in the formulation and implementation of the post-2015 agenda:

1. The STEPS Centre believes that the post-2015 framework requires a unified ambitious, global agenda for sustainable development taking forward progress after the MDGs whilst addressing environmental change and reducing inequalities. This agenda needs to be universally applicable (aiming to bring about change in Northern countries as much as in the global South), but must also be nationally/locally flexible so as to address needs identified through democratically legitimate processes at more local levels.

2. The post-2015 international development framework should move beyond static goals to highlight directions of development. This means an emphasis not just on reaching set targets (which play a useful focussing role) but instead on building local, systemic capabilities that enable people and communities at the grassroots to innovate in ways that both meet these targets and also surpass them. We thus argue that the post-2015 framework should focus on providing poorer people with the capabilities to choose and enact their own pathways to sustainable development.

3. The post-2015 international development framework will require enhanced links between global science and local participation in decision-making and implementation. Whilst evidence on planetary boundaries needs to be drawn upon in guiding the global direction of development, open political processes are needed to foster a diversity of innovation approaches (both technical and social) to address not only global challenges but also locally-defined development problems. To this end, the STEPS Centre advocates a number of methods for opening up and broadening out sustainable  development decision-making and implementation processes to 2015 and beyond (http://steps-centre.org/approach/methods/).

Dr Adrian Ely and Prof Melissa Leach

ESRC STEPS Centre

www.steps-centre.org

Miles Litvinoff from
Mon, November 5, 2012 at 09.02 am

How do we mobilise sufficient resources for development? Where will the money come from for effective health, education and other public services, to diversify developing country economies, and to support millions of sustainable livelihoods for low-income people?


Oil, gas and minerals are a major key source of government revenue in a growing number of developing countries. They should be increasingly important for domestic revenue mobilisation for development in years to come.


Yet these natural resources are finite. Their use contributes to climate change and other environmental and human rights harms. They cannot be extracted and consumed at the current rate indefinitely, and we need to steadily scale back global consumption levels.


Critically, also, a very large proportion of the money generated by the extractive industries  in resource-rich countries fails to reach state coffers or to be used for pro-poor development.


In 2008, for example, exports of oil and minerals from Africa, Asia and Latin America were worth an estimated $1.19 trillion USD in total, more than nine times the value of international aid (sources: OECD and WTO). Yet also in 2008, illicit financial flows from developing countries totalled even more - about $1.26 trillion USD (source: Global Financial Integrity). 


UK Prime Minister Cameron highlighted this aspect in his 31 October 2012 Wall Street Journal  article: “We in the developed world must also put our own house in order … The U.S. has introduced legally binding measures to require oil, gas and mining companies to publish key financial information for each country and project they work on. And I want Europe to do the same.”


With the US Dodd-Frank Act Section 1504 already law, and the new EU Accounting Directive close to being finalised, we now need governments, civil society and companies worldwide to work in partnership for a global mandatory extractive industry transparency standard, as well as moving forward to include contract transparency and open and fair fiscal regimes.


This is necessary so that society can hold politicians, public officials and extractive companies to account in every country for the wealth generated by natural resources – and to ensure that these major revenues are invested in the post-2015 development agenda.


Miles Litvinoff, Coordinator, Publish What You Pay UK


Publish What You Pay (PWYP) is a global network of civil society organisations united in calling for an open and accountable extractive sector.

ATUJB from
Mon, November 5, 2012 at 04.24 am

L'avenement de cette prise de conscience commune pour la resolution des problèmes du monde a travers  l'initiative des Nations Unies sur les OMD est un pas important. Toutes fois, les pays dont les populations presentent un niveau de vie mediocre, bas ne reponde pas efficacement aux politique de mise en oeuvre des OMD. Le constat actuelle montre a quel point certain pays sous developpé ne sont pas encore sur la trajectoire du developpement. Et l'echance 2015 pour les OMD etant presque atteint nous interpel tous sur la necessité de repenser les OMD post 2015. Ici, le gouvernement mondiale par sa capacité a influencé les pays du monde, doit proceder a des mesures d'imposition de resultat sur une echéance donnée pour les OMD. Il doit rediger des textes juridiques, des lois auxquels les dirigeants devraient s'assujeti pour l'obligation de  resultats dans la gouvernance locale. Ainsi, pourrait-on mesurer la teneur du developpement grace aux ressources affecté pour la cause sur une periode donné..

Patrick Sciarratta from
Sat, November 3, 2012 at 08.24 pm

And speaking of conferences, we at the Youth Assembly at the United Nations feel very well positioned to help build capacity among global youth leaders toward the success of the 8 UN MDGs.  This has been our sole aim and calling since the gathering began.  Educating youth leaders to work within the fields of civil society, in transparant and meaningful ways, with clear goals for global development. And this can only be achieved by skills building and practical experience.  The Youth Assembly promotes skills based leadership and also calls upon youth to join relevant campaigns and other civil society work 'in the field', as volunteers, as soon as possible.  For us, this is a useful addition we can add to the process of global development.  www.youthassembly-un.org.  Next gathering at UNHQ: 31 January and 1 February, 2013.

Anonymous from
Fri, November 2, 2012 at 06.25 pm

Nord-Sud XXI & International-Lawyers.Org believe that in order to ensure universal access to food, water, energy, health care and education we need to view these entitlements as human rights that all individuals have everywhere and that States have a legal obligation to ensure even across borders.

A condito sine qua non for satisfying these needs, Nord-Sud XXI & International-Lawyers.Org believe, is the achievement of a more just and equitable international order in which the international legal right to development and the international legal rights to cooperation and solidarity are recognized by all States. All States, especially the most powerful States, must respect the rule of law or suffer consequecnes for not doing so. Any efforts to achieve equity among people and respect for their basic entitlements will be bound to fail unless these condito sine qua non are first met.

Anonymous from
Fri, November 2, 2012 at 01.00 pm

Marie Stopes International (MSI) is working for a world where women have children by choice and not chance, and where preventable maternal deaths do not happen. The development of a new framework is a critical opportunity to ensure that international priorities are focussed on the interventions that will have the greatest impact on improving lives. Providing access to sexual and reproductive health care is proven to be one of the simplest and cheapest ways to save lives and reduce inequality. Giving women and men the power to make informed choices and to exercise their sexual and reproductive rights is fundamental to eliminating poverty, to achieving gender equality and sustainable development, and to fulfilling all other human rights and development goals.

 

Any new global framework should include explicit reference to sexual and reproductive health and rights. Current global architecture has not delivered well for women and any new framework should galvanise leadership, resources and attention to meet the specific needs of women, particularly on reproductive health. We urge the panel to be bold in their recommendations and to push for a clear, accessible and accountable framework that will unite and deliver change for the next generation. For too long women have been let down by their governments and we need innovation, pragmatism and ambition in a framework that supports the principles of flexibility and country led ownership, and maximises the active contribution of civil society and the private sector.


Any new global framework should be designed to:

-           Eliminate the root causes of poverty and inequality

-           Promote opportunity and empowerment for women

-           Tackle inequality and discrimination to achieve inclusion

-           Strengthen existing international conventions and human rights laws

Principles for implementation:

-           Results based - delivering measurable impact and reaching the poorest

-           Backed by adequate resources and finance mechanisms

-           Accountable and transparent - in development and delivery

-           Implemented in partnership between governments and non-state service providers

Ahmad Abdullahi Ahmad from
Fri, November 2, 2012 at 09.32 am

I think this can be achieved by creating good awareness at local level by persuasively knowing what their leaders and elected representatives need to be done in providing good infrastructures, social amenities. There is lack of good leadership in many African countries, that's why urgent need of capacity building and strenthening of decision making policies must be address. Corruption and money laundering is common among politicians and leaders, this also has to be tackle with integrity.

Ambassador Paul from
Fri, November 2, 2012 at 02.56 am

We should have a very good Govanance system, that bring all our children and youth together and ensure that we capacitate, nuture, multivate and monitor their wellbing of teh greater good. 

JILL JUMA from
Thu, November 1, 2012 at 02.29 pm

Ensure that the right regulations are put in place with the capacity to enforce them. By regulations i specifically address or have in mind issues of trade governance  whereby developing countries ought to be clear on what Access and Benefit Sharing  guidelines they need to put in place to ensure that FDI(Foreign Direct Investment) assumes a bottom up approach, this is more on a regional(being Africa) context, within the respective national set ups ,there has to be clear rura-urban development policies and regulations.

Anonymous from
Thu, November 1, 2012 at 12.57 pm

Multilateral, bilateral, and non-state external agencies have, in recent years, taken a large number of initiatives aimed directly or indirectly at helping Ethiopia develop and democratise its way out of economic chaos and political instability. Indeed, growing external involvement in Ethiopian projects of democratisation and economic recovery has resulted in opportunities and challenges of conceptualising and understanding the role and function of international agencies. In addition to the human development and economic reconstruction work they are already doing, the lessons learned for development partners point to

  • The need for development partner interventions to address the issues to put the interventions in coherent theoretical or strategic perspective: the overall rationality of international programmes and projects, the proliferating of which must show regard for economy of coordination? How far and in what ways do various international agencies, programmes, mechanisms, forms of knowledge and technical assistance feed on one another in helping set the boundaries of state reform?

The important issues that these questions suggest are not sufficiently addressed, or even raised, in much of the current discussion of state capacity development. Hence development partners must engage in dialogue to enhance the democratic (and developmental) impact of programmes. Such strategic co-ordination of diverse international activities supportive of democratic transition and development can become a challenge both for the international agencies involved and for the State. This is in part because of limitations in their narrowly technocratic orientation and shortcomings in the relational and contextual articulation of external programmes and projects, their limited generalisability and variability.

  • Development partners must focus on opening dialogue with the government on issues ranging from human development, human security and private sector development. In this regard development partners must promote
    • strategies crafting an appropriate role for the state;
    • measures to promote political openness and pluralism;
    • the historical role of the private sector in creating and economic society capable of maintaining sustainable livelihoods by creating employment, economic benefits and corporate social responsibility;
    • food security through vast commercial production of crops and livestock must be seen as a point of launching sustainable livelihoods;
    • a healthy work force augured on quality education that leads to critical consciousness and skills;

Africa undoubtedly depends on vital international assistance for projects of reform. Yet, it must be recognised that external support creates opportunities as well as problems. Hence, in confronting the imperatives of change, nothing is more challenging for development partners than the strategic co-ordination of diverse global and local elements, relations and activities within themselves, nor has anything greater potential for enabling good economic and social pluralism through sound policies.

Anonymous from
Mon, October 29, 2012 at 10.18 pm

very good.

Anonymous from
Mon, October 29, 2012 at 10.16 pm

Good initiative!

Anonymous from
Mon, October 29, 2012 at 08.15 am

A world where governments deliver what they promise and people advocate that they do, a world where children are protected from abuse and exploitation , a world where women, sexual minorities and men relate to each other as persons with dignity with equal standing. this is a world which can then develop empathy with the poor, innovate and move towards sharing of resources and caring for those in challenged situations.

Anonymous from
Sat, October 27, 2012 at 09.03 pm

An essential element in any sustainable process, which is however widely ignored, is steady movement towards stable populations, through the provision of comprehensive family planning in the framework of good sexual and reproductive healthcare. Without this, all development projects are to a greater or lesser extent 'running to stand still', with little or no additional benefit to anyone; and will be overwhelmed by rising numbers of people if population growth continues 'indefinitely', (ie until ecological and resource degradation/depletion cause it to stabilise through increased mortality rather than decreased fertility).

Gerardo Jiménez Aguado from
Sat, October 27, 2012 at 04.10 am

Reordenando las prioridades de los gobiernos y que éstos no confundan efectos con causas. Esto significa dar prioridad a las políticas públicas a favor de la sustentabilidad ambiental, la educación, la salud y la seguridad alimentaria. En suma, es urgente reconocer la necesidad de recuperar el patrimonio ambiental de la humanidad y generar mayores capacidades en las personas. Este es el camino para construir una nueva esperanza en el futuro.

México ha dado el ejemplo de políticas diseñadas a partir de un diagnóstico equivocado, donde se confundieron los efectos con las causas. Recursos que pudieron ser destinados a formar capacidades en la población fueron canalizados a combatir la delincuencia con mayor armamento y equipo. El resultado fue el incremento en los niveles de violencia, el aumento de la pobreza extrema y el rezago del país en la atención de necesidades esenciales. En sólo dos años en México el número de pobres aumentó de 48 millones 838 mil personas en el año 2008, a 51 millones 993 mil personas en el año 2010; y los pobres extremos pasaron de 11 millones 675 mil a 11 millones 713 mil; a la vez, el número de muertos en 6 años asociados a la guerra contra el crimen organizado se ubica alrededor de los 60 mil.

Esto es una muestra de la necesidad de orientar las políticas públicas hacia acciones que favorezcan mayores ingresos a las familias; atiendan el futuro ambiental en temas como el agua y los alimentos, así como en el uso eficiente de la energía; inversión en el mejoramiento de los servicios públicos y la generación de comunidades incluyentes.

En suma, la respuesta está en la inversión en la en la gente para reducir el impacto de la crisis económica y la amenaza de la violencia, recuperando el espacio público para dar lugar a lugares de convivencia pacífica; realizando mayores inversiones públicas y privadas en obras importantes que faciliten el acceso a una calidad de vida individual, social y comunitaria digna.

John Oldfield from
Sat, October 27, 2012 at 03.30 am

We will achieve The World We Want, and meet our goals for food, water, energy, healthcare, education, and other important development priorities, if the social contract between governments and their citizens is stronger, and political will to set and meet these goals is stronger.

In the 1980s, the late Jim Grant, former head of UNICEF, designed his Child Survival Revolution. He asserted that a quantum leap of progress toward child survival goals will not be possible without a significant increase in political will, and the advocacy efforts around the world that create that will and a stronger enabling environment. To ensure tangible progress toward all of the post-2015 goals across the spectrum, the United Nations should design and support opportunities to strengthen dialogues between civil society organizations and governments all over the world, at all levels (national, provincial, municipal). Only with stronger social contracts between governments and their citizens will the ambitious post-2015 development goals be met.

John Oldfield, WASH Advocates

Anonymous from
Sat, October 27, 2012 at 02.37 am

How do we ensure that all people, especially the most vulnerable and marginalized, have the food, water, energy, health care and education they need?

We have learnt that there are many reasons for the above issues, the major reasons are

1.  Accessibility: Majority people from remote and rural areas are the most vulnerable and marginalized and their places where these issues were being existed.

2.    Ignorance: Local government only focused on urban/accessible areas and give priority on holding of their power and money. Less taking care on difficult accessible areas and fallen into ignorance.

3.   Lack of information:  Which makes people lack of knowledge and have no potential to help themselves to overcome these issues.

We are asking for food security, access to adequate water, energy, health care and education for all these vulnerable and marginalized people.

How does a global framework help get us there (through resources, policy change, partnerships)?

There would be necessary three sides to solve out to ensure that all people, especially the most vulnerable and marginalized, have the food, water, energy, health care and education they need. It will be difficult or takes time, a Global framework alone help get us there without participating by

1) Local government 2) These vulnerable and marginalized people.

Through resources, policy change, partnerships it is important to start with local government authorities and its technical departments, then with civil societies, business companies, supporting with INGO, NGOs and UN Agencies, down to these vulnerable communities, by means of political & social mobilization, capacity building, linkages each others to help themselves by the sustainability ways of cooperation, coordination and collaboration practices.

In this way the above three major cause would be completely solved and we ensured that all people, especially the most vulnerable and marginalized, have the food, water, energy, health care and education they need?

Myo Nyunt (Development Consultant)
Former UNDP, Myanmar

Fatima Rodrigo from
Sat, October 27, 2012 at 01.37 am

The Subcommittee for Poverty Eradication at the United Nations strongly believe in the following:

The root causes of poverty and the growing inequalities among nations and within
nations both in terms of wealth and income must be addressed. Commitment to the
common good and the ethical practices that honor, protect and realize the
principle of equitable distribution of the earth’s resources is imperative if
we are to have a common sustainable future. Focus on the most marginalized
people in society, e.g., women and girls, the aged, person with disabilities,
indigenous peoples and youth. The Guiding Principles on extreme poverty and
human rights are a guide in how to fulfill existing obligations in design, implementation and
evaluation of public policies to overcome poverty.
http://www.ohchr.org/Documents/Issues/Poverty/A-HRC-21-39_en.pdf

Implementation of the Social Protection Floor All States are strongly urged to ensure
a human rights approach to social protection implementing ILO Recommendation
202 that urges all States to establish as quickly as possible a social protection floor.

Rural Development and Sustainable Agriculture Rural development and sustainable
agriculture with special consideration of the smallholder farmer is essential
for food security. Food sovereignty must be incorporated into the Post 2015
Development Policies. “Investments in agriculture are more effective in lifting
people out of poverty than investments in any other sector—they not only drive
economic growth and set the stage for long-term sustainable development, they
pay high dividends in terms of quality of life and dignity for poor rural
people.” said the President of the International Fund for Agricultural
Development (IFAD), Kanayo F. Nwanze.

 

Anonymous from
Fri, October 26, 2012 at 10.34 pm

We cannot achieve the just, equitable, and sustainable world we want without healthy, educated, and empowered women and girls.  The evidence is clear: gender equality and women’s empowerment are essential for reducing poverty, promoting environmental sustainability, achieving peace and security, and stimulating economic growth.[1] 

Within the household, women’s levels of education, health and empowerment are particularly important for reducing poverty and improving the prospects of future generations.  For example, when women are educated, their children are more likely to attend school and receive essential preventative health care interventions, such as vaccinations, and obtain appropriate health care when they are ill.  Women’s health is intimately linked to the health of their families: when women survive and thrive, their children are much more likely to do the same. Similarly, women who have and control their own income are more likely than men to invest in the health and well-being of their families.[2]  

 One priority intervention that has a catalytic impact on gender equality and women’s empowerment, is guaranteeing women’s and girl’s sexual and reproductive health and rights.  Indeed, sexual and reproductive rights are “central to women’s ability to build their capabilities, take advantage of economic and political opportunities, and control their destinies.”[3]  Without the rights to have control over all aspects of their sexuality free of violence, discrimination and coercion; to decide the number and spacing of their children and the information and means to do so; and to attain the highest standard of sexual and reproductive health, women simply cannot realize their other human rights, such as the right to education, employment, or political participation.  

This should not be controversial. 20 years ago at the international conference on population and development in Cairo, governments recognized the central role of sexual and reproductive health and rights for both guaranteeing women’s equality and empowerment and development.  The current Millennium Development Goals recognize the importance of reproductive health for development: target 5(b) under the goal to improve maternal health aims to achieve universal access to reproductive health by 2015.  More recently at the Rio+20 conference on sustainable development, governments called for the “full and effective implementation of the Beijing Platform for Action and the Programme of Action of the International Conference on Population and Development, and the outcomes of their review conferences, including the commitments leading to sexual and reproductive health and the promotion and protection of all human rights in this context” and “emphasize[d] the need for the provision of universal access to reproductive health, including family planning and sexual health, and the integration of reproductive health in national strategies and programmes.”[4] 

 The International Women's Health Coalition calls upon the High Level Panel to recommend that  next development framework continue these efforts to prioritise gender equality and women’s empowerment and guarantee their sexual and reproductive health and rights.

 

 

 

 

 



[1] World Bank (2011), World Development Report 2012: Gender Equality and Development. Washington, DC; United Nations Development Program, Powerful Synergies: Gender Equality, Economic Development and Environmental Sustainability. New York; United Nations Millennium Project (2005), Taking Action: Achieving Gender Equality and

Empowering Women. Task Force on Education and Gender Equality.

[2] Ibid; R Levine, C Lloyd, M Greene, C Grown (2009). Girls Count: A Global Investment and Action Agenda. The Center for Global Development, Washington.

[3] United Nations Millennium Project (2005).

[4] United Nations (2012), The Future We Want. Resolution Adopted by the General Assembly. A/RES/66/288.

Anonymous from
Fri, October 26, 2012 at 10.33 pm

 

Online Submission

 

DATE:       October 26, 2012

TO:       The London meeting of the High-level Panel of Eminent Persons on the post-2015 development agenda

FROM:       World Federalist Movement - Canada

RE:       WFMC urges consideration of Social Protection Floor

 

 

RECOMMENDATION:

 

The World Federalist Movement – Canada (WFMC) recommends that the High Level Panel support the goal of a universal, rights-based Social Protection Floor as a key component of the post-2015 development agenda.

 

 

BACKGROUND:

 

The World Federalist Movement – Canada (WFMC) is a national non-profit membership organization based in Canada supported by just over 1,000 Canadians. WFMC is a member of the international World Federalist Movement – Institute for Global Policy. WFMC supports a more equitable and accountable framework for global governance based on human rights, democracy and the rule of law. We are grateful to the World We Want 2015 network for this opportunity to submit views to the London conference.

 

At the consultation taking place in London, 31 October to 2 November 2012, consideration of a universal social protection floor would be particularly relevant in light of the meeting’s agenda which is focused on (1) human development and (2) jobs and livelihood.

 

The Social Protection Floor is based on the idea that everyone should enjoy at least basic income security sufficient to live, guaranteed through transfers in cash or in kind, such as pensions for the elderly and persons with disabilities, child benefits, income support benefits and/or employment guarantees and services for the unemployed and working poor. These transfers should ensure that everyone has access to essential goods and services, including essential health services, food security, primary education, housing, water and sanitation, and other services (i.e. defined according to national priorities).

 

WFMC welcomes the October 2011 publication by the International Labour Organization, of the report entitled Social Protection Floor for a Fair and Inclusive Globalization (the Bachelet Report).  We are encouraged that the report, and the concept of a Social Protection Floor, has received growing support from a variety of organizations and sectors as the debate on a post-2015 agenda gathers momentum. As Ms. Bachelet has noted, “The social protection floor may be seen in the broad perspective of a drive to realize key human rights, reflecting principles of social justice and providing an institutional framework for embedding fair development.”

 

The adoption of a universal, rights-based Social Protection Floor as a key component of the post-2015 development agenda should also take into account the following:

-       The understanding that these are universally agreed goals, but that within the framework of these international goals, specific measures will necessarily be “nationally defined and nationally implemented.”

-       The understanding that a Social Protection Floor is a goal that is applicable to all member states of the United Nations (i.e. the global north and south);

-       The need to incorporate a broadly defined Social Protection Floor goal in the post-2015 agenda utilizing a strong human rights normative framework, one that is capable of generating transparent and effective accountability mechanisms, at national and international levels.

 

We welcome this opportunity to contribute to the Panel’s discussions and look forward to learning the outcomes of the London Consultation.

 

Fergus Watt

Executive Director

World Federalist Movement – Canada

APROFAM from
Fri, October 26, 2012 at 09.58 pm

Se deben generar acciones , tales como ;

1.1Implementación de políticas nacionales , Desarrollo  de  Voluntad política, Distribución equitativa  del PIB
Extensión de cobertura en educación , salud y desarrollo social. Aumentar  la inversión  social  públicos y privados .Fortalecer  y transferir tecnología  a  las fuentes de producción agrícola e industrial, Organización social, Implementación de acuerdos de Paz.

Victoria Luckie from
Fri, October 26, 2012 at 09.42 pm

By working together and in partnership with local experts, community leaders, NGO's and other vested interests and taking a solutions-based rather than an organisational agenda-based approach, and adapting this on a case-by-case basis.

By minimizing waffle and acronyms and making plans and reports clear, concise and easy to understand, ad targetting questions (unlike these) to a manageable area.

By facilitating adequate field research and attendance of R+D (research and development) meetings for the local community at an early stage and providing adequate translations and time to trouble-shoot (perhaps having meetings over two days to give people a chance to think and discuss before responding).

By working alongside other governments and experts in new sustainable techology solutions and learning from their areas of expertise to apply the most efficient solution.

Buy purchasing emergency supplies locally where possible in order to support fragile economies and get appropriate materials.

By developing open accounting procedures with online accountability for the use of budgets, tenders etc.

By employing local people where possible and training them when needed.

By facilitating travel to interviews, clothing allowances / or by opening a lending library of smart clothes people can borrow for interviews or when starting work.

By facilitating and monitoring access to medicines. 

By investing in new ideas like the existing mud dams.

By funding free education for children and making learning materials available online and enabling free access to IT centers and IT training.

John Sauer from
Fri, October 26, 2012 at 09.18 pm

This response was submitted by Water For People, an international nonprofit organization dedicated to providing access to improved water and sanitation systems and services in developing countries. By working with local governments, the private sector, and partners, Water For People ensures that Everyone in a specific region has these basic needs met Forever. This innovative approach reaches every family, every school, every clinic, catalyzing transformative change for better health and economic development to occur.

Countries imagine a day when all of their citizens have access to clean water and sanitation.  Development agencies have mission statements that envision a world where water and sanitation poverty are eradicated. 

And these goals, which are essential for improved health and economic development, remain elusive.

Water For People and local governments around the world are testing a program called Everyone Forever that may hold clues to an operational approach that enables all people, especially the most vulnerable and marginalized to have full coverage of lasting water and sanitation services. Everyone Forever targets its focus at a district scale, and works in partnership with district and national government to strengthen local institutions and markets to achieve full coverage in line with the dreams of a country’s citizens and politicians.

Everyone Forever follows 5 basic principles:

  • Every family, school and clinic in targeted districts has access to clean water and sanitation
  • All pay for this result – government and communities pay with Water For People finance being used to fill funding gaps needed to reach full district coverage
  • Outcomes are monitored for at least 10 years to verify results, allow learning, and help institutionalize capacity to address inevitable problems that emerge
  • Success is defined as full coverage being sustained over time so that districts never need another international water and sanitation NGO again
  • Other districts are inspired by this initiative and replicate it without Water For People’s direct financial support for water and sanitation service delivery

Everyone Forever is currently being implemented in 30 districts in 10 countries throughout the world. Over the next six years Water For People will push for national coverage in three of these countries and in one state of India. These programs are already realizing success. In Bolivia, India, and Uganda, there is rapid progress on sanitation service delivery through private sector entities, creating jobs and making money in the process. In water programming, Malawi, Bolivia, India, and Honduras have entire rural districts and densely populated low income areas that have moved from spotty access to full coverage of service in some cases and strong potential for sustainability.

Solving the water and sanitation crisis using the Everyone Forever approach will lead to better health, the ability to pursue an education, and the opportunity to develop new jobs and businesses that serve a thriving, not destitute, population.

NOZI MJOLI from
Fri, October 26, 2012 at 08.37 pm

Water and sanitation :We have learned that water and sanitation development projects that are implemented without involving beneficiary communities are not sustainable because communities do not take ownership of these projects. We need to put people at the centre of water and sanitation development projects in order to get community buy-in and long term sustainable water services. Our focus groups with beneficiary communities have indicated that they don't want to be passive spectators of their own development, they want to participate in finding solutions to their local problems because they have a better uunderstanding of what works and what does not work in their local environment.

Education: We have learned that investing huge budgets in public education without ensuring that schools have competent and dedicated teachers result in the production of millions of high school graduates with low literacy and numeracy levels, therefore unfit for employment. We need to take advantage of the advances in information and communication technologies to make high quality education accessible to everyone so that all citizens can benefit from ICT. Governments need to invest in both brick and mortar education institutions and virtual institutions so that all citizens can access education without being restricted by geographical location, age or gender.

Leadership: Sustainable water services and universal access to education will depend on committed leadership at all levels. We need leaders that put people first, currently corruption and greed are denying the poor communities access to services and high quality education. We need gender diverse leadership teams that combine masculine and feminine leadership qualities to increase innovation, creativity and out of the box thinking in order to take advantage of advances in technology to solve development challenges that face our global community.

Esther Eshiet from
Fri, October 26, 2012 at 08.55 pm

The surest way to get all people especially those who are vulnerable is to strengthen the political will and get government to be more accountable to its people. Having the MDGs and just tracking is not enough but naming and shaming as well as the UN holding governments accountable for its fulfilment of the MDGs.

A rights based approach to all these is the best way to approach this.

Anonymous from
Fri, October 26, 2012 at 08.20 pm

Il faut faire du financement une priorité majeure. Six recommandations principales peuvent être formulées à ce sujet :

  • Renforcer l’implication politique pour compléter les processus de décentralisation et donner la responsabilité de planifier, coordonner et gérer aux acteurs locaux;
  • Développer des mécanismes pour l’aide infranationale et les transferts d’échelle;
  • Améliorer les capacités des acteurs locaux à préparer et implanter des projets et des programmes;
  • Améliorer la gouvernance au niveau local;
  • Fournir de l’assistance technique et financière pour l’accès aux marchés de capitaux;
  • Améliorer la gestion des connaissances en lien avec les mécanismes de financement pour les acteurs locaux.

La gestion de l'accès à l'eau potable et à l'assainissement doit se faire dans le cadre d'une gestion intégrée des ressources en eau, d'une gestion de développement écologique du territoire, et d'une répartition équitable des ressources entre l'urbain et le rural. 

Il faut renforcer l’adoption de législations nationales reconnaissant le Droit à l’eau et l’assainissement et que celles-ci soit absolument accompagnées de mécanismes de mise en œuvre de ce droit.

Il est important de développer des stratégies d'influence, et des plaidoyers tout azimut, afin que la gestion de l'eau devienne la première priorité nationale dans les pays. Il est important de favoriser l’interaction entre les parties prenantes permettant une meilleure sensibilisation et l’éducation des gestionnaires et des décideurs aux différentes perspectives associées aux enjeux.

Il est important de poursuivre l’effort et de se doter d’indicateurs spécifiques en matière d’accès à l’eau et l’assainissement.

Anonymous from
Fri, October 26, 2012 at 07.40 pm

¿Cómo nos aseguramos de que todas las personas, especialmente a los más vulnerables y marginados, tienen la comida, el agua, la energía, la salud y la educación que necesitan?

Eso es solamente posible cuando los "que tienen" el poder económico y político (empresas, personas), que muchas veces son los mismos, sean capaces de compartir algo de su poder y riqueza. Donde rigen la avaricia y la codicia y falta la voluntad política, no se logrará básicamente nada. Lamentablemente, los modelos económicos actuales apunten al egoismo y consumismo.

Lo que necesitamos es una ONU mucho más fuerte e independiente que pueda con sus decisiones obligar a países a legislar en favor de los vulnerables o aislar los países que no quieren participar. Después hay que asegurar que la regulación sea cumplida porque si no, la ley queda como letra muerta.

MALEGUE Kristel from
Fri, October 26, 2012 at 06.25 pm

L’approche pour le développement doit reposer sur les droits humains, lesquels doivent être une réalité pour tous, avec un accent particulier sur les populations vulnérables et marginalisées. Cette approche par les droits met en évidence l’interdépendance des secteurs sociaux (eau, assainissement, alimentation, éducation, santé), la problématique du développement étant globale.


 


En ce qui concerne le droit de l’homme à l’eau potable et à l’assainissement, celui-ci sera une réalité pour tous à travers :


-          Sa mise en œuvre effective, ce qui signifie l’intégrer dans les législations nationales des pays ;


-          Le soutien à des plans d’action nationaux opérationnels, planifiés, concertés et budgétés ;


-          La bonne gouvernance des services d’accès à l’eau potable et à l’assainissement, incluant la mise en place de mécanismes de régulation et de contrôle, l’appui aux autorités locales dans l’exercice de leur compétence


-          La mobilisation de financements significatifs basés sur la tarification du service (dans le respect des règles de solidarité), des fonds publics nationaux (taxes) et des financements internationaux (transferts)


-          Une meilleure efficacité et cohérence de l’aide et des politiques de développement


-          L’implication des citoyens dans les processus de décision, avec une attention particulière aux plus démunis : cela signifie notamment impliquer activement les bénéficiaires dans la définition, la mise en œuvre, le suivi et l’évaluation des politiques de développement


 


Associé à une approche par la durabilité, l’ensemble de ces facteurs permettront d’assurer à tous, en particulier les plus vulnérables et les plus démunis, d’avoir accès à l’eau potable et à l’assainissement, condition transversale et préalable au développement.


 


Enfin, il est à noter que les cadres globaux peuvent laisser à la marge certaines zones ou populations. D’où l’importance des déclinaisons de niveaux en fonction des spécificités (un objectif global avec des objectifs spécifiques selon les pays ou les régions).


 


>> Le futur cadre de développement post-2015 devra prendre compte l’interdépendance des secteurs sociaux (eau, assainissement, alimentation, éducation, santé), en se basant sur une approche par les droits humains et en se centrant sur la durabilité.


 

Hitesh Sharma from
Fri, October 26, 2012 at 06.25 pm

In short, a dedicated effort towards education on sustainable development can make a difference and ensure capacity building leading to informed choices and enabled accessibility.

Roberto Bissio from
Fri, October 26, 2012 at 06.12 pm

In its 15 years experience of engaging civil society groups around the world to monitor governments commitments on social and gender justice, Social Watch has too frequently found out that people who live in poverty and who are part of vulnerable, marginalized or excluded groups are postponed to give way to the interests of powerful groups. We believe that monitoring and accountability are essential, that people know better about the challenges that they face in their lives and thus deserve to be heard and that a rights-based approach is essential.

According to the 1993 Vienna Declaration of the UN World Conference on Human Rights: "All human rights are universal, indivisible and interdependent and interrelated. The international community must treat human rights globally in a fair and equal manner, on the same footing, and with the same emphasis" (paragraph 5).

This includes all civil and political rights, equality between women and men, rights of the child, to food, water, housing, health care and education. Right to work, rights at work and right to social security. Among other rights that all governments of the world have a responsibility to promote and protect.

According to the International Covenant on Economic, social and cultural rights, each state is responsible to progressively achieving those rights "to the maximum of available resources". The Millennium Declaration additionally reaffirmed that "we will spare no effort to free our fellow men, women and children from the abject and dehumanizing conditions of extreme poverty". The means are available, as proven by the billions, even trillions of dollars mobilized over the last four years to rescue the failing global financial system.

It is not just an issue of increasing development cooperation, but of meeting the promises made about an enabling environment for development, as spelled out in Goal 8 of the MDGs and in the recently adopted (by global consensus) Guiding Principles on Human Rights and Extreme Poverty: "States must take deliberate, specific and targeted steps, individually and jointly, to create an international enabling environment conducive to poverty reduction, including in matters relating to bilateral and multilateral trade, investment, taxation, finance, environmental protection and development cooperation" (paragraph 100).

Spelling out a rights-based approach and establishing the corresponding monitoring and accountability framework is therefore the way to ensure that essential social services and other human rights are realized.

Louise Hagendijk from
Fri, October 26, 2012 at 05.55 pm

Plan EU Office - Brussels, Belgium

This reponse is submitted on behalf of Plan Europe, a regional network within Plan International which links the 11 Plan offices in Europe with the secretariat in Brussels and Plan offices worldwide. Founded over 75 years ago, Plan is one of the world’s oldest and largest child-centred community development organisations operating in 68 countries worldwide. In 2011, Plan worked with 58,000 communities and reached over 56 million children.

 

First and foremost, the post-2015 development framework must adopt a rights-based approach. While the MDGs helped to raise global awareness of poverty and stimulated political dialogue at the global level on key priorities for sustainable development, the structural causes of poverty, such as gender inequality and poor governance were not addressed. With largely quantitative targets they risk excluding the most marginalised and hard to reach. As we look to 2015 and beyond, we have a responsibility to ensure that the development framework also benefits the poorest and most marginalized, which means it must be more inclusive, sustainable and people-centred.

 

This means taking an equity approach which includes gender equality indicators that are both qualitative and quantitative. When it comes to education, for example, the agenda must be broadened from simply looking at access to primary education. It must look to encompass the quality of the education received and the transition to – and completion of – lower secondary education.

 

One of the major drawbacks with the development of the MDGs was the fact that the process was not participatory, but rather a negotiation between national governments. Experience has shown us that the realization of these goals, which happens at the country level, requires involvement of communities and citizens, both in terms of implementation of policies, and monitoring government progress toward these commitments. This means that the development of a new global framework must be people-centred.

 

To ensure the benefits of development are felt by all people, the framework must be based on transformative targets which promote the interests of the poorest and most marginalized, particularly children and, within this group, girls who face double discrimination of being young and female. The top three recommendations for the future development framework is that is should prioritize gender equality, broaden the agenda from access to primary education to the successful transition to, and completion of, quality secondary education, and prioritise the protection of children from all forms of violence, particularly gender-based violence in schools.

Anonymous from
Fri, October 26, 2012 at 05.44 pm

Top level but critical ingredients include:

  • Effective governments and public institutions that are responsive to the needs of their people and capable of delivering
    services.
  • Strong civil societies that support people to influence decisions that affect their lives and that hold leaders to account.
  • Inspired individuals that are supported to make practical contributions to overcoming poverty.

Efforts to make progress in these areas should prioritise the following cross-cutting issues:

  • Inequality: the formulation of the MDG targets incentivises governments and donors to focus on populations that are easier to reach, to the detriment of people who are most affected by poverty and exclusion. Universal targets and data disaggregation could help to address this
    issue, coupled with the promotion of social protection floor approaches and programmes to target marginalised groups. Mainstreaming gender equality across the framework in addition to having a dedicated goal for women's empowerment will be key.
  • Quality of services and outcomes: The focus of the MDG framework should be on poverty reduction outcomes, on people's experience of using services and the benefits they gain from doing so. Effective policy and practice to improve access to and quality of
    services will require careful diagnosis of root problems, including ensuring that the right incentive structures are in place to encourage effective
    delivery by public sector workers (see VSO's Valuing Teachers and Valuing Health Workers research).
  • Tackling the root causes of poverty: barriers that prevent people from accessing or making full use of services are often related to imbalances in power and discriminatory social norms.  Particular effort should be made to ensure that people most affected  by poverty have a say in policies and programmes intended to help them.  Women and girls are often systematically excluded from decision making, and must be a focus of work in this area.
  • Treating people as active partners rather than passive beneficiaries. Everyday thousands of community health workers, outreach workers, voluntary groups, civil servants, employers and entrepreneurs make some of the biggest impacts on tackling poverty in their own communities. The post-2015 process must ensure that people who would not usually be heard have an opportunity to shape the nature of the framework and apply it to local contexts; that the contributions that voluntary groups are making to poverty reduction are included in progress measures; and that these groups can participate in measuring and assessing progress.
Fernando Franzoi da Silva from
Fri, October 26, 2012 at 05.12 pm

We need:

1) A comprehensive global campaign to combat situations of DEATH: wars, violence, infant mortality and epidemics, hunger, etc..
2) To ensure and guarantee objective conditions for the effective participation of women in the organization of their place of residence and the political decision of their countries.
3) Distribution of income based on a new socio-economic and cultural global architecture, based on universalization of rights.
4) Realize structural reforms that do not penalize the poor and vulnerable.

Anonymous from
Fri, October 26, 2012 at 05.02 pm

The European Youth Forum believes that only through an effective global partnership for development, combined with coherent and coordinated policies at the local, national, regional and global levels that tackle the structural root causes of poverty, we will be able to ensure that all people have the chance to have a decent life.

Evidence tells us that investment in areas such as equality, non-discrimination, social inclusion, education, employment, migration, health and environment are key to an inclusive and sustainable development.

Youth organisations have since a long time played a fundamental role in advocating and concretely acting on overcoming poverty as well as promoting social inclusion, by empowering young people while promoting non formal education and active citizenship. And such role should be further acknowledged and supported by governments and institutions. Youth organisations, especially in countries where poverty is strongly experienced play a vital role in bringing to any young person the possibility to overcome poverty through empowerment. It is often also the only provider of any type of education that exists in a radius of 100 kilometres.

Volunteering, in a youth organisation or in another framework, also empowers people to participate in their own development and the one of their community. We are asking for investing and recognizing volunteer-led, volunteering involving organisations. This should be a cornerstone of the post-2015 process to ensure that, through volunteering, those that are closest to the problems can provide the solutions. A global framework that includes that, could help ensure that volunteering is promoted, recognised and a right, not a privilege. 

In our view, also global education should be further promoted as a tool to increase awareness of the interdependence between peoples’ local realities and the global context in which these realities exist and enable people to develop solidarity, a sense of belonging to the global community and a sense of responsibility to other people and to the environment. 

Mia Hed from
Fri, October 26, 2012 at 04.56 pm

Encourage global governance built on academic research from all fields, especially development, social, gender, environmental and economical studies. More empowerment based on academic knowledge, especially environmental and gender studies. Environmental studies will address the state of the planet and the provide needed measures. Gender studies will address democracy and equality issues and provide needed measures.

International laws should be reinforced. New laws should be implemented to criminalize environmentally harmful behavior of companies and individuals. Compulsory plans should be made for a sustainable environment incorporated in all industry and commerce agendas. Restrictions of freedom of production: prohibition of products that are deemed unnecessary and bad for the environment. Restricted meat production and consumption in public institutions. Restricted unnecessary airplane transport of humans and goods.

Larger responsibility taken by richer countries towards the poorer countries.

Decline of the far right wing capitalist policies and systems, neoliberal policies and the warfare industry.

Anonymous from
Fri, October 26, 2012 at 04.55 pm
  • Qu'avons-nous appris?

Le constat est clair. Depuis des décennies, des solutions pérennes pour les plus vulnérables n'ont pu être trouvées que marginalement. En prenant l’indicateur de l'alimentation par exemple, il apparaît, d'après la FAO que le nombre de personnes victimes d'une situation de faim chronique est encore totalement intolérable

 Le problème de base est de permettre aux populations les plus pauvres de produire de la nourriture de façon adaptée et pérenne. L'accès à une nourriture suffisante résout en partie les problèmes de santé. La capacité à produire un surplus commercialisable permet en partie d'accéder à l'éducation et aux soins médicaux. Le regroupement de producteurs permet la construction d'écoles, de dispensaires et la mise en oeuvre de sources de production d'énergie. A condition que les forces soient concentrées sur des groupes ciblés. Ceci a été validé.

 L'essentiel de la lutte, menée par des programmes étatiques, grâce à des accords de coopération intergouvernementaux ou bilatéraux, n'est pas la solution.

Un nouveau problème est apparu : le "Land Grabbing". Il détourne et monopolise des terres de qualité, sans que les populations locales puissent en tirer un bénéfice, hormis un nombre marginal d'emplois créés. Ceci n'est-il pas un recul vers une nouvelle forme de colonialisme et de réaccaparement de terres au profit de grands propriétaires ?

  • Que demandons-nous?

En s'appuyant sur l'expérience d'ONG médicales, dans des situation d'extrême urgence, dans des pays sans ressources techniques, elles ont depuis 40 ans permis de véritables progrès. En mettant en place des moyens locaux adaptés aux problèmes locaux. Elles font ce que ne sont pas capables de faire des institutions locales, pourtant aidées internationalement. 

Quelle solution apporter ?

La mise en œuvre de politiques pérennes par de "micro-projets" ciblés sur quelques milliers de personnes et visant à l’autonomie à long terme, apportées par des organisations indépendantes spécialisées.

ONG HOPE International, au Statut Consultatif GENERAL ECOSOC, demande une prise de position claire et ferme contre la pratique du "Land Grabbing", de la part des institutions internationales, de l'ONU et du Conseil de Sécurité, le problème des plus pauvres représentant un risque réel majeur de sécurité internationale.

  • Quel cadre global ?

ONG HOPE International estime indispensable un appui et un soutien financier actif avec des sûretés à long terme, aux actions des ONG, de la part d'Etats ayant les capacités financières, avec l'appui de l'ONU.

Christophe Le Jallé from
Fri, October 26, 2012 at 04.16 pm

Key role of Water and Sanitation

Water and sanitation are now recognized as human rights, and they are clearly key points for achieving equity. They contribute to all the other MDGs, and are a requirement for the achievement of most of these. Water and sanitation constitute key pillars for economic, social and environmental sustainability.

Specific attention needs to be accorded to sanitation, which, although often overlooked, plays a crucial role in terms of human dignity, access to education for girls, health, environment…

Anonymous from
Fri, October 26, 2012 at 04.15 pm

Years after the declaration of the equality of civil/political rights with economic/social/cultural rights, the protection of "subsistence rights" (as labelled by Henry Shue in Basic Rights, pp. 22ff) continues to be approached separately from "security rights" (Shue, pp. 20ff) and expression rights (my term). Moreover, the international legal instruments most discussed when discussing security rights (including this discussion page) talk about the components of the right to basic subsistence separately - the right to food, the right to water, the right to shelter, for example. The emergence and growth of the voices of the poor literature, however, makes me wonder if it wouldn't be more productive to discuss the right to subsistence instead. While we would have to define what we would want included in the right, discussions of how to reduce poverty need to also address the fact that a lack of food or water or shelter has effects beyond hunger, thirst, or exposure (and here I mean in no way to deny the severity of such effects on the individual) -- such deprivations, particularly when occurring simultaneously, but not necessarily so, also result in the individual's state of permanent uncertainty about the future. A state which cannot be compatible with dignity. A Post-2015 Development agenda must include the insights gathered over the past years of what additional effects deprivation of individual rights have.

Anonymous from
Fri, October 26, 2012 at 04.09 pm

The goal of ensuring that all people have the water they need will be achieved only within the context of ensuring that the needs of the waterways themselves are protected.  Current governance systems that drive over-extraction and degradation for short-term profit will not achieve these twin goals.  Instead, we must support Earth-based governance, in particular by recognizing and implementing in law the rights of ecosystems and species to exist, thrive and evolve.

 

More specifically, we must re-define “sustainable development” and the “green economy” within the context of Earth-based laws and governance systems that recognize the rights of the natural world, rather than within the limited, injurious context of human-centered, unlimited economic growth and short-term, individual human gain. To ensure this objective is achieved, we must re-name and re-focus “sustainable development” as “sustainable communities,” a term which includes both human communities and the wider communities of the natural world. This re-focusing is needed to ensure that all elements of sustainable communities are considered.  The current, market-based approach distorts communities to serve the economy. Elements of sustainable human communities include not just the economy, but also culture, societal/familial relations, healthy food, clean drinking water, sanitation, housing, necessary medical care, democratic governance, education, meaningful and appropriately rewarded labor, spirituality, civic duty, volunteerism, etc.  Sustainable environmental communities similarly require healthy nutrients, clean water, biodiversity, restoration in the face of destruction, and thriving, connected habitats.  The economy must be viewed as serving human and environmental communities, not the reverse. Implementation strategies for these goals should also be identified and supported; including, for example, water rights held by waterways, agro-ecological methods of food production, and a global financial transaction tax to support strategy implementation.

 

Finally, we urge the Member States to endorse and promote adoption of the Universal Declaration of the Rights of Mother Earth and actively support its implementation globally, to protect the rights of both people and planet.

 

Anders Hylander on behalf of HelpAge International from
Fri, October 26, 2012 at 04.04 pm

HelpAge International recommends that to build a future for all ages any future development framework beyond 2015 is based on explicit human rights standards and responds to all stages of the life course. We suggest a framework that:

 

  • Promotes both life expectancy and healthy life expectancy as key measures of human development.
  • Ensures access to income for all ages through the adoption of a social protection floor and ensuring access to work and livelihood opportunities.
  • Builds the resilience of people all ages through national and community risk management systems.
  • Ensures equitable progress of the post-2015 development agenda through inclusion of sex and age-disaggregated data with no age limits are collected at all points in measuring future indicators for example on health.

 

This must be a universal approach that is fully inclusive of all people including the growing global ageing population, whose rights are routinely violated around the world and remain unprotected due to gaps in the international human rights system.

 

A future global framework with human rights at its centre would have to:

 

  • Ensure that human rights are universal and apply across the life-course but also take into account that particular people or groups are discriminated against and excluded.
  • Implement development policies based on explicit human rights standards as this would ensure that the most vulnerable and marginalised people are prioritised in human development.
  • Use a human rights analysis, which includes using data disaggregated by age and sex as well as other factors to uncover entrenched patterns of discrimination.

 

The human rights obligations that a majority of states have voluntarily agreed to and ratified in various human rights treaties should provide the rights to social security, to water, to an adequate standard of living, to the right to education and the right to health. These have clearly defined minimum obligations to realise the rights of the most marginalised and vulnerable at all stages of the life-course.  Any future development framework should at the very minimum meet these obligations.

 

States also have an obligation to put all available resources into realising economic and social rights for all. This must not be used as an excuse for not going beyond core minimum obligations but used more positively to justifying budget allocations and as the basis for establishing clear benchmarks and indicators of progress for all.

Finally we suggest that to fully implement the human rights framework’s accountability mechanism which can and should be used more by the international development community to hold states accountable to their obligations.

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