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Ginette Azcona
on Tue, October 2, 2012 at 05.52 pm

Gender Equality Global E-Discussion - Week 1 CLOSED

Details:

This discussion closed on 2 November 2012.  Many thanks to all those who contributed.  The final summary of the discussion will be posted shortly.  

español   -  français 

We are delighted to welcome you to the global conversation on gender equality; the first of a series of e-discussions taking place as part of the Global Thematic Consultation on Addressing Inequalities in the Post-2015 Development Agenda. The discussion on gender equality will run for three weeks from the 3-24 October 2012.  

Throughout the discussion we will be joined by guest moderators who will respond to your questions and contributions, and guide and summarize the discussion. We are delighted to introduce the first of these guest moderators: Nicole Bidegain from Development Alternatives with Women for a New Era (DAWN); Rosa G. Lizarde from the Feminist Task Force (FTF) of the Global Call to Action Against Poverty; Kate McInturff from Amnesty International (Canadian Section), and Ranja Sengupta from the Third World Network (TWN).

We hope this platform is an opportunity for a multitude of voices to be heard from civil society, academia, media, national and international non-governmental organizations (NGOs), the private sector, governments, the UN System, and most importantly, the general public. We invite you all to join us in envisioning a world free from inequalities and gender-based discrimination.

The recommendations emerging from your contributions will be part of a synthesis report that will be presented at a high-level meeting in Denmark in February 2013 on inequalities. The report will also be transmitted to the High-level Panel appointed by the Secretary-General.   

The aim of the consultation is to be as broad and open as possible. You are strongly encouraged to share not only your views, but also engage with and bring forth the voices of the constituencies you represent.

To kick off the global conversation on gender equality we invite you to reflect on the following set of questions:

  1. What are the most widespread and fundamental forms of gender-based inequalities faced by women and girls? (Contributors may wish to cite examples, including discussion of where and among whom these challenges occur, their severity, the evidence about them, etc.)
  2. What are the major structural factors at the root of these inequalities, within and among different societies?
  3. What kinds of policies, strategies or interventions have been most successful in addressing the various inequalities experienced by women and girls? And under which conditions/in which situations have particular policies, strategies or interventions had the greatest, lasting impact? (Contributors may wish to cite examples or give references to these “successes”).
  4. Based on experience, what are the most important Recommendations that could be proposed in the Post-2015 Development Agenda for making a lasting and transformative impact on the different forms of inequalities faced by women and girls on the basis of gender?
  5. What actions and initiatives could be taken by different stakeholders, including civil society, to bring about lasting improvements in these inequalities? How can we ensure the implementation phase of the new Development Framework will be more inclusive of those who face inequalities, and more accountable to them?

To participate, it is not necessary to register, but you are welcomed and encouraged to log-in here. This site is available in English, French and Spanish, and you are invited to post your contribution in any of the sixty languages supported by the site’s Google translate feature. 

Without further ado, the space is yours. We look forward to hearing from you on how to work for a better world! 

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Kate McInturff from
Thu, October 11, 2012 at 08.21 pm

Summary: Week One

As our discussion has evolved over the past week, there continues to be strong consensus around two inter-related goals:

1. Violence against women must be eliminated in order to achieve gender equality and human development more broadly.

2. Women must be empowered to fully participate in society – including in the economic, legal, social and political life of their community.

Achieving these ends requires an array of efforts on many fronts at once. Several commentators pointed out how immediate these needs are and asked for direct, practical actions—to provide food, shelter, security. Some commentators pointed to the longer-term efforts required to change social views, to educate women about their rights and their worth, to harmonize international, national and local interventions. Still others demonstrated how interdependent these efforts are—violence interferes with access to education; lack of education inhibits economic participation; lack of economic independence increases vulnerability to violence.

Across the spectrum of human life and endeavor efforts to achieve the goal of gender equality must include:

·         providing for the most immediate needs of girls and women, including food, shelter, security and sexual and reproductive health care;

·         ensuring women’s full and free participation in economic life, including by providing access to education and training (including in fields where they are significantly underrepresented, such as science and technology), so that they can provide for their own basic needs;

·         combating the social views that devalue the lives of girls and women and lead to violent discrimination from sex-selective abortions to forced marriage, to violence, to discrimination in public and economic life;

·         building national and local legal structures that protect and promote women’s rights and support international norms on women’s human rights;

·         supporting women’s participation in the economic, legal, political, and social life of their community and responding to the (sometimes violent) reprisal that come with that participation.

In order to achieve these ends there was significant agreement on the need to empower grassroots/local organizations to undertake these activities and to work towards the goal of gender equality in the ways that were best adapted to the local needs and constraints of their communities. This means more than harmonizing international, national and local norms. It means more than achieving nominal support for UN goals from states. It means handing over both resources and decision-making power to local equality-seeking organizations. (I have attached a recent study of global efforts to combat violence against women which found that grassroots organizations were the key lever to social change.)

Finally, the discussion that has taken place over the last week has been a discussion has taken as a given that our goal is a normative goal – equality – not an economic goal (e.g. ‘development’). Economic growth has appeared only tangentially in this discussion, and never as an end in itself. Much more dominant has been the need to achieve the full equality of women and to realize their rights. This suggests a clear (and new) direction for goal setting in the post-MDG era—one which takes place within a rights framework and one in which our limited resources are more equitably distributed in order to enable the empowerment of women to claim their rights in every country and community in the world.

Anonymous from
Mon, October 15, 2012 at 03.05 pm

We need to start at the girl-child level where/when most of the structural and cultural discriminations take place.It is not uncommon to see that in addition to such adversaries like early child marriages and poverty,the girl child is often kept away from society and from achieving her basic rights with a special focus on to education and schooling, because she is made  to stay at home and help her mother who is already overburdened with so many different functions.Girls in many societies and the remote rural areas  are kept away from schools and from achieving other development capabilities so that they are available to function as  mother's helpers,taking care of their baby sisters / brothers ,household chores,water carriers,cleaning and supporting the family budget by working at the carpet looms and also working as informal domestic workers.There have also been many cases when  the international and UN organizations whether  advertently/inadvertently supported  projects in many developing country locations within which young girls ,starting at the  age of 7-8 were hired as carpet weavers under micro-finance and/or rural development programme schemes.


We need therefore to develop intergenerational data and disaggregated information and carry out more research on assesing the different ways in which girls and women are trapped into the trap of not accessing their basic rights and capabilities and shed light on how policy and new structural changes can eliminate this situation.


Seyhan Aydınlıgil


Vice-Chair,Children Rights and Development Association,Turkey


M&E Consultant

Gunel Hasanova from
Mon, October 15, 2012 at 07.38 pm

I agree, but from my point of view empowering women is crucial in preventing discrimination against girls. Educated women will never let her daughters to drop out school, face child marriage or face other forms of discrimination. Educated and empowered women will empower her daughters too. By educating and empowering women we can reach discrimination against girl children.


Another contributing factor to this I think will be educating men that is to change their way of thinking, to educate them about equity of rights. I think that to solve this discrimination problem men should see women differently and acknowledge their rights and equity.


 

Ruben Reyes Jiron from
Fri, October 12, 2012 at 07.51 pm

Yes, and I would also add there´s a need for men to learn to share house-keeping work and care work because in most parts of the world this kind of work continues to be relied on women, and men continued to feel dismissed from this responsibility. So, for the women this means they have to work double or triple work-shifts. In Nicaragua, we are doing a fatherhood campaign which includes raising awareness among men that doing house-keeping work and taking care of their children is a father´s  responsibility and at the same time by doing this kind of work they can keep closer to their children. There is also a need of public policies to support the men who are willing to share care-work such as paternity leave and employer´s permission to take care of their children or family when they are ill, etc.   

Kate McInturff from
Sun, October 7, 2012 at 08.23 pm

Summary of Day 1-2:

Looking over the responses from the first few days of this online discussion there are some clear common threads. Although, as several contributors note, the importance of understand the specific geo-political, economic and cultural context in which the struggle for equality takes place cannot be overlooked.

1. Violence against women continues to be one of the most significant barriers to gender equality and one of the most devastating impacts of the social and institutional discrimination. Contributors note the need to understand and respond to diverse forms of violence against women – including sexual violence, domestic violence and human trafficking. Any attempt to address violence against women must include responses and remedies that can capture the diversity of forms of violence and the specificity of where violence takes place. Collecting data on levels of violence against women and the efficacy of responses to it continues to be a difficult but crucial task.

Specific recommendations for addressing violence against women, in particular, include:

  • policies and programs aimed at shifting social roles;
  • full and meaningful participation of women within their communities;
  • education of women and men about the rights of women (human rights, legal rights, economic and social rights);
  • monitoring of progress;
  • incentives and repercussions for progress/failure to achieve progress.

 

In the context of goal-setting, the consensus is a clear statement that violence against women must be eliminated in order to achieve gender equality and human development more broadly.

 

2. A second area of consensus is the importance of women’s full participation in society – including in the economic, legal, social and political life of their community. Contributors have drawn attention to some of the most significant barriers to women’s full participation in society – in addition to violence, these barriers include inadequate access to health care (including reproductive health care), inadequate supports for women with disabilities, and the lack of education about rights.

Specific steps towards full participation include:

  • Education about women’s rights;
  • Political representation of women and of women’s rights;
  • Domestic legal frameworks for women’s rights;
  • Specific attention to the needs of particular communities of women, including women with disabilities, rural women, and (I would add) lesbian women and transgender people.

 

In the context of goal-setting, the consensus is a clear statement that we cannot stop short of women’s full participation in the economic, legal, cultural and social life of their communities

Anonymous from
Mon, October 8, 2012 at 04.59 am

I agree with the writer. However in order to acheive the tall order that has been mapped out, ther has to be a local assessment tooldeveloped to enable local communities evaliate the level of access to total gender justice in the given community. This will lead to planning and implementing an ammelioration measure.

This brings us to funding. Who will fund the assessmentsand implementation of amelioration measures? I wish to suggest that a global framework 

  be put in place to develop assessment tools, engineer amelioration planning and implementation and ensure a feed back and backlash prevention.

I envisage a situation where the male population becmes more brutal. During the religious riots in kaduna State of Nigeria this year, mainly mothers and rheir female children were killed. The male population will continue to seek for tools to keep the women subjection. One of these tols is using women to fight othr women. 

 Amelirations should also include building the capacity of the women to take a leadership role to convince all the membrs of the community that the steos being taken are in every body's best interest.

Nnenna  Eluwa.

luiz gama from
Thu, October 25, 2012 at 11.02 pm
My institute has an anthropological understanding of this issue, and i would like to share some knolegment with you.
KenyaSue Smart from
Thu, October 25, 2012 at 04.19 pm

Armine in reponse to your contribution below

" do agree with the fact that the Media is critical in adressing  issues of gender inequality, one other area  we must look at, is  the text  books used in schools, how sensitive are they to addressing the innequality in the society, the films produced still maintain the various streoytpe that mitigate against the women.....

Do you mean media critisism otr that the media is bias....looking at powerbase of news papers..the men who control the media are responsible for how women are percieved, they stereotype or sexualise us into   ..a blonde bimbo or an unattractive brain there is no eqilibrum.

Depending on where you are located ,the use of traditional textbooks has been transformed into the world of work sheets and comuterised learning...we are now surrounded by paste and stick..download and 4 G.Young people in schools have been mis-educated into this cultre and now we hear the warnings about them not reading. Given these barriers one would have thought that the art of recycling and conservation would have a place on learning curriculemsAlso in favour osf single sex schools to many male teachers in Western Societies are abusing their position of responsibility check this out in the same school too.

THREE New Jersey teachers accused of relationships with their ...

www.dailymail.co.uk/.../THREE-New-Jersey-teachers-accused...

5 Oct 2012 – THREE New Jersey teachers accused of relationships with their female students at the same school (and it was so public kids were tweeting ...

How to address matters needs exploring education of young people intergeneration work, I would maintain that teaching Kof sex education is the responsibiity of the family, the incidents of teenage pregnancy in Europe, exspecially the UK has escalated since the government stole responsibility of it " UK tops league of teenage pregnancy | Mail Onlinewww.dailymail.co.uk/.../UK-tops-league-teenage-pregnancy.ht..."...and before i forget just look at this portal that the public have paid for under the auspices of sex education at any age....indecent is is an overstatement carried out in isolation of the target group.

Welcome to the new Respect Yourself website | Respect Yourself

www.respectyourself.info/.../welcome-to-the-new-respect-your...

 

After contributers have rean the article do let me read your views.Moderators I had wanted to facilitate a workshop on here on planned parenting in aAfrica but finding the navigations a bit difficult help

 

kenyasue

Anonymous from
Wed, October 24, 2012 at 09.50 pm

Thank you for inviting my participation in this crucial issue and here are my responses as per the questions in discussion One. Here I am avoiding the assumption that women and girls’ problems are centered on finance, education and shelter, as gender inequality is also rampant in those spaces with good education, good housing and money.

  1. Some of the fundamental forms of gender-based inequalities are:
  • selective abortion of female fetus (Femiticide)
  • selective educational privileges; male child versus girl child
  • selective promotion in the workplace (boardroom versus kitchen syndrome)
  • Female victim treated as if she invited the wrath, e.g. in rape cases, and the subsequent denial of abortion in cases where a rape victim becomes pregnant
  • Putting down of women; men speaking above them in focus groups or meetings, obscene whistling and gestures when women pass a group of men
  • Dictating how women should dress by men
  • Lack of choices for women e.g. when or if to fall pregnant in marriage
  • Medicalization of women’s bodies
  • Verbal and physical attacks on women and girls when they become vocal about their rights
  1. Structural factors at root of inequalities:
  • Religious beliefs – woman were created to serve the man, man as head of the house
  • Cultural beliefs - Man as disciplinarian, so women and children need to be disciplined. Belief carried down to boy child as stepping in father’s shoes and this is taken to the public sphere.
  • Historically men have put themselves in charge and this has been carried on within the workplace and the government structures, so we find more men and a fraction of women where policies are designed. Men speak for women in terms of social needs, health needs etc.
  • Courses and jobs designed as masculine and feminine, e.g. jobs in IT (Information Technology), construction, engineering, versus nurses, teachers and receptionists

 

  1. Policies, strategies and interventions which were successful:
  • Governments passing legislation to allow women to vote
  • Governments who reserve a percentage of seats in parliament for women (even though this is usually below 50%)
  • Criminalization for gender-based violence, including rape and domestic violence
  • Governments and NGOs working towards improved education of women and girl child
  • Corporations putting policies in place that there should be a certain number of women in managerial teams and encouragement to hire more women
  • Educational institutions now relaxing enrollment policies for women in certain programs e.g. law school and medicine.
  • Discussions between NGOs and governments to promote women’s empowerment through project funding and land allocation
  • Governments promoting health for women and children
  1. Post 2015 Development Agenda to make lasting and transformative impact:

Eradication of all forms of discrimination of women and girls globally

 

  1. Action and initiatives to be taken by different stakeholders, including civil society:
  • Respect for women has to be taught to all at an early stage, meaning boys have to be taught from Daycare and at home that women and girls are partners not helpers
  • Educational curricula has to include gender studies so that teens and young adults learn to co-exist with women as equal partners
  • Civil society should find ways to make men aware that women and girls are not their “property” to do as they please. This can be done in all fora that men meet, e.g. religious gatherings, gym, clubs or pubs.
  • Men and boys should discourage any one who makes obscene gestures to women
  • All the above suggestions can be incorporated in different frameworks, e.g. education, parenting, religion, socialization. Giving women financial aid and land alone will not erase all the above gender-based inequalities. As long as men believe they own women, they expect women to surrender their money to them and they expect married women to have children at the man’s wish.
  • Corporations should seriously look at their form of advertizing, which objectifies women, thus pushing women and girls to expose themselves to too much medication and chemicals through cosmetics, just to meet the “ideal woman” standard. They should also seek other ways of advertizing besides using the half-naked woman, as this invites the belief that women’s bodies are tools to be used.
  • The medical fraternity should desist from prescribing medication for any slight female problem, which results in Medicalization of female bodies; from birth control to diet. Most prescribed medication for female ailments have devastating side effects.
  • Governments should continue to criminalize all forms of violence on women and girls and invest more on programs which improve women’s lives.
  • Civil society should create an environment where women are able to express themselves without fear of attack and where women can make their own choices in their daily lives
  • Women should be included in any discussions which concern their lives and should be allowed to participate in all forms of civil society as equal citizens
Anonymous from
Wed, October 24, 2012 at 09.47 pm

Thank you for inviting my participation in this crucial issue and here are my responses as per the questions in discussion One. Here I am avoiding the assumption that women and girls’ problems are centered on finance, education and shelter, as gender inequality is also rampant in those spaces with good education, good housing and money.

  1. Some of the fundamental forms of gender-based inequalities are:
  • selective abortion of female fetus (Femiticide)
  • selective educational privileges; male child versus girl child
  • selective promotion in the workplace (boardroom versus kitchen syndrome)
  • Female victim treated as if she invited the wrath, e.g. in rape cases, and the subsequent denial of abortion in cases where a rape victim becomes pregnant
  • Putting down of women; men speaking above them in focus groups or meetings, obscene whistling and gestures when women pass a group of men
  • Dictating how women should dress by men
  • Lack of choices for women e.g. when or if to fall pregnant in marriage
  • Medicalization of women’s bodies
  • Verbal and physical attacks on women and girls when they become vocal about their rights
  1. Structural factors at root of inequalities:
  • Religious beliefs – woman were created to serve the man, man as head of the house
  • Cultural beliefs - Man as disciplinarian, so women and children need to be disciplined. Belief carried down to boy child as stepping in father’s shoes and this is taken to the public sphere.
  • Historically men have put themselves in charge and this has been carried on within the workplace and the government structures, so we find more men and a fraction of women where policies are designed. Men speak for women in terms of social needs, health needs etc.
  • Courses and jobs designed as masculine and feminine, e.g. jobs in IT (Information Technology), construction, engineering, versus nurses, teachers and receptionists

 

  1. Policies, strategies and interventions which were successful:
  • Governments passing legislation to allow women to vote
  • Governments who reserve a percentage of seats in parliament for women (even though this is usually below 50%)
  • Criminalization for gender-based violence, including rape and domestic violence
  • Governments and NGOs working towards improved education of women and girl child
  • Corporations putting policies in place that there should be a certain number of women in managerial teams and encouragement to hire more women
  • Educational institutions now relaxing enrollment policies for women in certain programs e.g. law school and medicine.
  • Discussions between NGOs and governments to promote women’s empowerment through project funding and land allocation
  • Governments promoting health for women and children
  1. Post 2015 Development Agenda to make lasting and transformative impact:

Eradication of all forms of discrimination of women and girls globally

 

  1. Action and initiatives to be taken by different stakeholders, including civil society:
  • Respect for women has to be taught to all at an early stage, meaning boys have to be taught from Daycare and at home that women and girls are partners not helpers
  • Educational curricula has to include gender studies so that teens and young adults learn to co-exist with women as equal partners
  • Civil society should find ways to make men aware that women and girls are not their “property” to do as they please. This can be done in all fora that men meet, e.g. religious gatherings, gym, clubs or pubs.
  • Men and boys should discourage any one who makes obscene gestures to women
  • All the above suggestions can be incorporated in different frameworks, e.g. education, parenting, religion, socialization. Giving women financial aid and land alone will not erase all the above gender-based inequalities. As long as men believe they own women, they expect women to surrender their money to them and they expect married women to have children at the man’s wish.
  • Corporations should seriously look at their form of advertizing, which objectifies women, thus pushing women and girls to expose themselves to too much medication and chemicals through cosmetics, just to meet the “ideal woman” standard. They should also seek other ways of advertizing besides using the half-naked woman, as this invites the belief that women’s bodies are tools to be used.
  • The medical fraternity should desist from prescribing medication for any slight female problem, which results in Medicalization of female bodies; from birth control to diet. Most prescribed medication for female ailments have devastating side effects.
  • Governments should continue to criminalize all forms of violence on women and girls and invest more on programs which improve women’s lives.
  • Civil society should create an environment where women are able to express themselves without fear of attack and where women can make their own choices in their daily lives
  • Women should be included in any discussions which concern their lives and should be allowed to participate in all forms of civil society as equal citizens
Anonymous from
Wed, October 24, 2012 at 09.24 pm

For a good guide on what businesses role can be in combatting gender inequality within their sphere of influence (workplace, marketplace, and community) please see the UN Women/UN Global Compact Women's Empowerment Principles - Equality Means Business, seven steps for business on how business can respect and support women's rights. At www.WEPrinciples.org you will find data on the business case and economic case for businesses engagement on women's empowerment, along with around 100 examples from around the world of how businesses are taking action and making a difference.

Anonymous from
Tue, October 23, 2012 at 05.51 pm

Involving men and women in discussing the inequalities that exist between men and women is very crucial. Because men need to appreciate the fact that in some way women need to take part in decision making on partinent issues where they are sometimes excluded. Secondly, this helps the men to change their negative attitudes  towords promoting gender equity and women epmowerment. In some cases this has been perceived by men as a way of reducing their power which is not the case.

Anonymous from
Thu, October 25, 2012 at 08.47 am

I agree with you people, without men involvement the effort put in addressing inequalities would be unsuccessful. It is not only men but the need to raise awareness among both women and men because even most of women are not receptive of some of the interventions or services put on to address inequalities. An example is some of the affirmative actions which are overlooked by both women and men. (in my country , there is an affirmative action taken by the ministry of education which consist of   Improving girls’ access to education by implement affirmative action measures to give girls equal access to higher education, and to rectify the disparities caused by low performance indicators. ) , both women and men don’t understand why this policy is being implemented; most of them think it is being unfair for boys. This is the reason why I am saying that the need to explain every taken action in addressing inequalities is very important.

SHAKEEL SHEHZAD from
Thu, October 25, 2012 at 09.19 am

I think its a common problems of many countries especially in developing countries.we can't get rid of this evil without the education of  woman.

 The situation in east asia and africa is even more worse.The woman should have access in every department of life.Strong laws are also indespensible

to curb this indiscrimination.

Anonymous from
Tue, October 23, 2012 at 05.28 am

Inequality in the African culture is seen in different forms including: women not being allowed to own land yet they suffer more when insufficient foodn is produced and there is hunger and malnutrition. These same women are the main food producers or coproducers - have to dig the land and produce yet in some ethnic groups they don;t even own the produce in some ethnic groups.

Tere is increasing violence against women considering their physical weak nature. those with limited knowledge suffer more. Legal rights are not enforced in many ethnic groups of people.

The major structural factors include our judicial system and poor governance that do not enact laws against violence and inequalities. The educational leves also bring in inequalities.

Good governance and enacting the constitutions that promote equality will help. Active participation of minority groups and individuals well bridge the gap. Acess to education, empowment and capacity development builds power within and enlarges the social networks necessary for bridging the inequality gap

I would recommend minority groups and individual to stand up, raise their voices, develop internal skills, climp up academic ladders with warm feet adnc crecreate power within and with for equality. Legal and law enforcement in well governed nations will bridge inequality. Active participation in leading roles.

Action initiative could be like improving a nations social security system for the benefit of all. Reducing poverty, hunger and mulnutrition among the marginalised groups and individual including people with disabilities.

Anonymous from
Thu, October 25, 2012 at 02.12 pm

i do agree with the fact that the Media is critical in adressing  issues of gender inequality, one other area  we must look at, is  the text  books used in schools, how sensitive are they to addressing the innequality in the society, the films produced still maintain the various streoytpe that mitigate against the women

Anonymous from
Fri, October 26, 2012 at 02.16 pm

My target would be inequality in the workplace. Let us define "work place". Does this include inter-governmental organisations? If an inter-governmental organisation has such a policy as, "certain positions are reserved for "nationals", how do we define "national". Would a woman of foreign origin, who is settled in a country by virtue of marriage, yet she retains her citzenship considered a national in her husband's country? If not, would that not amount to discrimination? So when we target organisations, who are we aiming at, some organisations that support governments to mainstream gender have such policies and ae applying them. Who should then push the gender equality agenda and how effective would it be?

Anonymous from
Mon, October 22, 2012 at 02.28 pm

1. Quelles sont les formes les plus répandues et fondamentales des inégalités de genre subies par les femmes et les filles? (Si vous souhaitez, vous pouvez citer des exemples, y compris une discussion sur où et qui ces défis affectent, leur gravité, les preuves, etc.)

Les inégalités fondamentales commencent d’abords au niveau des foyers. Dans différents foyers, pas seulement en Afrique, à travers du monde, les parents et même la société pense que le garçon est le chef de la famille donc celui-ci a le pouvoir de décision. Je cite en exemple la situation de la femme en République Centrafricaine au moment des élections :

a. Les partis politiques qui présentent les candidats aux différents scrutins, en primaire les hommes se sensibilisent pour écarter les femmes et à la fin, sur parfois 50 candidats on retrouve au plus 7 femmes et surtout même pas en position favorable ;

b. Les femmes se présentent sous la bannière d’indépendantes, écartées de leurs partis, et là les choses se compliquent parce que l’autre candidat peut être issu de votre parti ? Une lutte acharnée donc contre la femme qui ose se présenter contre un homme et cela en usant de toutes les stratégies possibles (dénigrement, humiliation, menace physique et verbale et cela même ta famille est visée ;

c. Vous avez la chance de passer le 1er tour, et les spéculations commencent pour le 2e tour en ce moment vos frères politiques s’approche de vous et vous demande de retirer votre candidature au profit d’un homme.

2. Quels sont les principaux facteurs structurels qui sont à l'origine de ces inégalités, au sein et entre les différentes sociétés?

Ces facteurs sont souvent liés à des pesanteurs socio culturels. Si nous prenons l’exemple des minorités peulhs en République Centrafricaine, ce sont les femmes qui construisent pour abriter l’homme et les enfants, depuis l’histoire des temps mais c’est l’homme qui a le pouvoir décisionnel et ce n’est pas de sitôt que cela va cesser, car pour discuter avec ces femmes là il faut l’avis de leurs maris. En République Centrafricaine jusqu’à nos jours, la femme dans une assemblée ne doit pas donner son avis et quand elle essaie de le faire ses parents même le rappel à l’ordre pour dire « la femme ne parle pas ainsi devant les gens ».  Automatiquement vos parents sont traiter comme ceux qui ne respectent pas les coutumes et se voient couper des toutes les grandes décisions de la communauté et pour éviter d’en arriver là il fait comme tous les autres. Ainsi, de génération en génération rien ne peut et ne doit changer et finalement beaucoup de femmes se résignent et comprennent qu’il n y a pas d’alternative ?

3. Quels types de politiques, de stratégies ou d'interventions ont eu le plus de succès dans la lutte contre les inégalités diverses vécues par les femmes et les filles? Et dans quelles conditions / dans quelles situations des politiques particulières, des stratégies ou des interventions ont eu les effets les plus importants et durables?

Si nous revenons sur les élections de 2011 en République Centrafricaine, notre organisation a encouragé les femmes à travers les médias à se présenter aux élections législatives sous la bannière des candidates indépendantes, ensuite les stratégies de campagne, la République Centrafricaine compte 52% de femmes et si elles se décident à voter pour les autres cela aura un impact positif ; 4 femmes passent au 1er tours et pour nous c’est le scandale, au 2e tours plus 44 femmes sur 88 candidates, nous organisons donc un séminaire le 8 mars (journée internationale des femmes) pour des échanges et changement de stratégie et aujourd’hui nous comptons plus de 10 femmes à l’assemblée nationale sur 105 sièges.

4. Basé sur votre expérience, pour avoir un impact durable et transformateur sur les différentes formes d'inégalités que subissent les femmes et les filles sur la base du sexe, quelles sont les recommandations les plus importantes qui pourraient être proposées dans le cadre du Programme de développement pour l’après-2015?

Après 2015 devra pouvoir imposer pour une équité dans toutes les instances un homme, une femme : pour ce faire les partis politiques pour avoir leurs financement de campagne devront présenter une liste où le premier en liste si c’est un homme, la 2e est une femme, et ainsi de suite, et pour une bonne stratégie donner plus de financement à tous les partis qui adhèreront à cette politique et pour les indépendantes, donner plus de moyens financiers aux candidates pour les encourager et favoriser femmes en cas de « si 2 candidats ont égalité de voix ».   Ceci est important pour toutes les élections et dans toutes instances.

5. Quelles actions et initiatives pourraient être prises par les différentes parties prenantes, notamment la société civile, pour apporter des solutions durables à ces inégalités? Comment peut-on s'assurer que la phase de mise en œuvre du nouveau Programme de développement pour l’après-2015 sera plus inclusive de ceux qui font face à ces inégalités, et plus responsable devant eux?

La société civile devra mener des actions de sensibilisation des différentes communautés et couches sociales pour encourager les femmes et les filles à s’instruire, encourager les parents à inscrire les enfants sans tenir comptes des sexes, les travaux domestiques ne devront pas seulement être l’apanage des filles mais des deux sexes dans le foyer, le père devra soutenir son épouse dans les travaux domestiques pour montrer l’exemple à ses fils ; l’homme devra encourager sa femme à travailler, lui donner la place qu’il faut dans le foyer ; sensibiliser les différents gouvernement à tenir compte de la parité, qu’il y ait une égalité de chance pour tout emploi ; les états signataires des différents instruments juridiques internationaux sur le genre (résolutions 1325, 1820, 1888, 1889, 1960) devront veiller à la stricte application de ces instruments. Que les femmes l’après 2015 devra connaitre un monde où les hommes et les femmes sont complémentaire, où à l’école les garçons et les filles ont les mêmes privilèges (garçon ou fille peut être délégué(e) de sa classe), où dans les foyers les garçons et les filles sont traités sur le même pieds d’égalité ; que dans les instances de décision que la femme n’occupe pas une place à cause du genre mais qu’elle mérite sa place et pour ce faire les instance décisionnelle doivent choisir les femmes selon leurs profils et nous vivrons un monde équilibré et inclusif après 2015.

Carole Engome, Organisation Mur-Africa Universel, République Centrafricaine

Anonymous from
Mon, October 22, 2012 at 12.31 pm
  1. Que tipos de políticas, estrategias e intervenciones han sido las más exitosas en atender las diversas desigualdades percibidas por mujeres y niñas? Bajo qué condiciones y/o situaciones ciertas políticas, estrategias o intervenciones han tenido un impacto mayor y más duradero? (Se urge a los colaboradores a citar si así lo desean ejemplos o proveer referencias de éstos logros)

De mi punto de vista, las intervenciones más exitosas han sido aquellas que RESPETAN y AYUDAN a los ciudadanos a ser más LIBRES y justos con los otros ciudadanos, independientemente de ser mujeres o hombres.

En este sentido, NO son exitosas:

  • La injerencia injustificada del poder público en el ámbito privado: Las intervenciones del poder público que interfieren en la libertad de elección de los matrimonios o de las parejas estables, en lo que dice respeto al acuerdo de la distribución de las tareas de hogar: cómo quieran, desde que sea para ellos un acuerdo justo y de común acuerdo.

Por ejemplo, en este momento en mi ciudad, se ofrece con dineros públicos (es decir, pago también con mis impuestos) un curso sobre entrenamiento en tareas de hogar. PERO, donde a los hombres solo se permite el acceso a unos cursos vedado a las mujeres y las mujeres a otros cursos, por su vez, prohibidos a los hombres. ¿Qué sentido tiene esto? Nosotros los ciudadanos tenemos que ser libres! Saber hacer de todo lo necesario en nuestra vida…pero que no nos impongan modelos. ¡Dejadnos libres! Qué luchar por la igualdad de la mujer no implica no ser respetuoso con todos los gustos!

  • No son exitosas las intervenciones estatales que originan discriminaciones entre las mujeres que dejan el trabajo para cuidar de los hijos pequeños y las que optan por trabajar y dejar los niños al cuidado de terceros: ¡qué dejen las personas libres de elección! Pero si discriminas negativamente una de las opciones, estás a desequilibrar la libre opción. Y, por el efecto pedagógico que tiene la misma legislación en la sociedad, estás a incentivar una conducta (la beneficiada con un incentivo económico) y a desincentivar la otra, que será –subliminarmente- vista como no beneficiosa para la sociedad, al contrario de la otra elección. Y esto no solo no es verdad (por que una madre que elige dejar su empleo y quedarse en casa a cuidar de los hijos también tiene un gran valor no solo social sino que también económico para la misma sociedad -desde luego, se reducirá la necesidad de guarderías públicas, etc.). Sino que es injusto y provoca situaciones injustas.

 

Por ejemplo, hace un tiempo, habían implantado un incentivo económico a las madres que tenían un hijo pequeño e iban a trabajar dejándolos con terceros. Yo, por entonces, tenía un hijo pequeño y no trabajaba para cuidarlo, pero no podía pedir ese incentivo económico. Por ello, sentí que estaba viviendo una situación injusta, porque todas las madres que trabajaban -luego, ganaban algún dinero- podían pedirlo. Pero yo, que además ya no ganaba dinero, no podía pedir esa ayuda económica. Me sentí en una situación injusta y, sobre todo, que mi opción por quedarme a cuidar a mi hijo no era tan valorizada como la otra.

Anonymous from
Sat, October 20, 2012 at 09.50 am

Dear all,


   Gender based violence persist in all societies--------


Reasons   (1)  Earning member always lead the decisions and submissiveness is there due to financial control  by the  male member .


                   (2) Alchoholism and substance  abuse


                    (3) Lack of exposure and ignorance about the Acts, laws and regulations pertaining to women  .


                    (4)  inefficient and inappropriate support services for women


                    


 


 


  

Eliana de la Luz Huitraqueo Mena from
Fri, October 19, 2012 at 06.57 pm

Desde mi punto de vista, las desigualdades de género provienen de la cultura machista que aún persiste en nuestras sociedades, este es un cambio que se debe dar a través de la educación, insertando en los planes y programas educativos la igualdad y equidad de género.  Por otro lado en el caso de Chile y en particular  para los Pueblos Indígenas la discriminación todavía es patente, se debe dar prueba de capacidad en tanto indígena y mujer, puesto que ambas categorías implican estereotipos arraigados de que somos flojos e ignorantes. Actualmente se prosigue con la persecusión de los mapuche por razones de tipo ideológico-político considerándoles terroristas, para las mujeres mapuche se piensa en términos de pueblo y luego en términos de género.  Aún a pesar de todos estos años no logro visualizar un avance en estas temáticas, no existen las mismas oportunidades, en distintos ámbitos: sociales, culturales, académicos, productivos, políticos, no existe una ley de cuotas que permita que mujeres ocupemos más espacios de poder.

Anonymous from
Fri, October 19, 2012 at 08.41 am

I would like to highlight the importance of linking gender inequality to its impact on development in general, (For trainings on gender equality or sensitisation); this catches more people's attention than just talking about inequalities, equity and human right. In the third world, inequalities are spread by the culture and some beliefs.  (Including some religions) and gender stereotypes commonly take roots in these ones. Therefore the more you raise awareness on the issue based on human right approach and equity only, you are most likely exposed to loose people’s attention because they think you are in contradiction to their beliefs or that you are fighting against their culture, but once you come in from the development side, from the beginning you catch more people’s attention because no one wants to be less developed either at individual level, family, community or their entire countries.

Anonymous from
Fri, October 19, 2012 at 05.53 am

we should educate the community especialy men to accept women equal rights , pakistan one of the worst country where women are very iggnored.

Amal Redwan from
Thu, October 18, 2012 at 05.25 pm

Dear all,

The UNDP DRC office has supported the establishment of the Gender Equality in DR Congo Community of Practice in 2011 launched by the Minister of Gender of DRC (members include the UN, Government, civil society, universities, researchers, students, the private sector). In collaboration with the Regional Center for Research and Documentation on Women issues in the Great Lakes Region based in Kinshasa, we had organised a Knowledge Forum on october 10 ane 11, 2012 on the topic of the Francophonie Summit, "Environnment and Global Governance", but our debating theme was focused on the advancement of women in francophone african countries. The debat was later enlarged to the challenges, opportunities and good practices in various african countries. Following a 2-day forum, the recommendations of the CoP was presented to the Minister of Gender for advocacy purpose in influencing  the policy-makers' decisions in the future policies and programmes in DR Congo.

I have shared yesterday some of the presentations and the Declaration of the Gender CoP forum in the forum space created at https://undp.unteamworks.org/node/113679 to continue the debate. Other documents and the members of the CoP can be found at https://undp.unteamworks.org/node/81111, the official Teamworks space of the CoP.

Though most of the essential idea and recommendations are captured in the Declaration of the Gender CoP forum, the outstanding consensus was to address the root cause of gender inequality: access to education and information both in the formal (school, university, etc) and non-formal (peer-learning, vocational training, community conversation, fast-track simple adult-learning mecanisms on micro-credit, entrepreneurship, agriculture techniques, cooperative setup, etc...) to accelerate closing the knowledge gap with men, as a group priviledged to have had faster/easier access to knowledge/education in most cultural settings. Renown congolese professors from the Diaspora have shared concrete evidences that access to education/information is the eye-opener to the girl and the woman who will then create economic opportunities for herself, her family and her community, a fact agreed by the civil society participants. When access to knowledge leads to economic empowerement, decision-making power of the woman was confirmed to emerge naturally since it gives her alternatives to decide her own course in life/family. When the knowledge, economic and household/community-level decision-making powers are secured, the participants agreed political decision-making power comes next as economic power can influence elections and political powers. Lastly, it was agreed that physical capacity building mecanisms were needed for self-defence and implementation of police/military protection of women by the increase of women in the police/military powers to defend other girls/women subject to atrocities. One important idea accepted by the Minister of Gender was the establishement of a University of Excellence for Women and Training academies/Knowledge Centers at the various levels of the provinces in DRC to realize the stepped approach to women empowerment starting with access to knowledge (formal and informal).

We will share more of this interesting outcome of the knowledge forum as we continue to collect and document the ideas and papers shared at the forum. The list of participants is also shared in the Teamworks space to facilitate networking among and beyond the CoP members while we assist all members within and outside the UN to join Teamworks progressively. 

I hope this is helpful.

Best,

Amal

 

 

Anonymous from
Thu, October 18, 2012 at 09.23 am
marcela Ballara GEO ICAE
Fri, October 12, 2012 at 01.16 pm

My congratulations in the organization of this virtual discussion , here are some  points of views on your questions:

1.  What are the most widespread and fundamental forms of gender-based inequalities faced by women and girls? 

Women and girls discriminations are usually framed in gender norms and also cultural practices   make it very difficult  among others  to access to decision making levels, to active participate  in the society  as well as to  make decisions regarding their health ( e.g. sexual and reproductive),  employment possibilities , education.

Also  regulations and policies limit or restrict women’s and access to  credit , land , property that affect specially indigenous and head of household  women contributing to high rates ofpoverty among these groups.

 2.  What are the major structural factors at the root of these inequalities, within and among different societies?

Traditional roles that stereotype women as family care givers and mothers; but also  the lack of political will  among governments to change these  approaches providing   a gendered education at school level as well as promoting lifelong education  addressing youth and adults . An education that adopts a human rights-based approach recognizing women’s right to autonomy in making decisions about their lives.

 3.  Based on experience, what are the most important recommendations that could be proposed in the Post-2015 Development Agenda for making a lasting and transformative impact on the different forms of inequalities faced by women and girls on the basis of gender?

A global development framework must address poverty eradication, and accountability in all countries.  Accountability must occur at a global level especially in gender justice, with fundamental human rights dimensions. A Post 2015 Development Agenda should include a strong orientation towards support of education, addressing children, youth and adults and specially women to create a just and sustainable world in which every human being can realise their rights. Central to this purpose is a commitment to the eradication of poverty. We also need that  to ensure that laws and policies  are develop under a frame of gender justice  and do not discriminate women . Finally it is important to also create mechanism at different levels, in order that   women    hold governments accountable for progress towards  Post 2015 development goals

 4.  What actions and initiatives could be taken by different stakeholders, including civil society, to bring about lasting improvements in these inequalities? How can we ensure the implementation phase of the new Development Framework will be more inclusive of those who face inequalities, and more accountable to them?

Gender inequalities  must be addressed  by adopting  a human rights-based approach as a strategy to achieve social justice and gender equality and equity

KenyaSue Smart from
Wed, October 17, 2012 at 11.08 pm

Eye am giving a voice to the voiceless here >

Date: Wed, 17 Oct 2012 01:30:27 +0000
From: benjamin ramos <uriyoan@hotmail.com>
Subject:10/19: VB reportback from this summer's Cuba trip!

Support the Venceremos Brigade!






------------------------------

Date: Mon, 15 Oct 2012 19:49:47 +0000 (UTC)
From: jrswriter@comcast.net
Subject:  When Will We Choose Peace?

From The Ramparts

Junious Ricardo Stanton

When Will We Choose Peace?



“A nation that continues year after year to spend more money on military
defense than on programs of social uplift is approaching spiritual doom.”
Martin Luther King Jr."


When we watch and listen to the debates and the stomp speeches of the
Genderists they mention everything but the elephant in the room.
They talk about the deficit, they talk about being fiscally responsible and
they lie through their teeth. You never hear them talk about peace; yes they
wax eloquently about national security and national interests protecting our
friends and allies but all this is designed to obfuscate the reality that this
country is an imperialist warmongering oligarchy and has been from its
inception.

I urge you to go to
http://www.apk2000.dk/netavisen/artikler/global_debat/2002-1126_us_imp_basic_stats.htm
and read the article: Basic Statistics for United States Imperialism . It is a
no holds barred chronicle of US interventions and invasions to implement
foreign regime change from 1893 to present. It also contains a list of US air
warfare campaigns, a chronological list of US client states from 1847 to
present, a chronological list of states held in the manacles of debt-leverage
imperialism, a rough chronological list of foreign territories “hosting” US
military installations. The range of years for each group attempts to indicate
when the country in question first began its role as “host” for US military
facilities. There is a chronological list of the US murder toll: [ongoing and
still under construction], a chronological list of interventions by the United
States , with the purpose of opposing (or aiding opposition to) popular
resistance movements—whether by means of overt force (OF) or covert operation
(CO): from 1776 including slave insurrections to the present. There is a list
of noteworthy Covert Operations conducted by the United States, “Low intensity
wars” conducted by the United States and its proxies, a list of proxy Wars
fought by the United States, which typically involves the use of clients,
dupes, mercenaries, unofficial “volunteers,” and official, though disavowable,
special forces, and three other categories of war and imperialism that will
open your eyes to the true history of the United States genocide, war and
imperialism.

djepang yvonne from
Wed, October 17, 2012 at 07.52 pm

Association pour la Promotion de la Lutte Contre les Violences faites aux femmes et la Participation au Développement de la Femme Africaine: LUCOVIFA

associationlucovifa@ymail.com

Pour construire un Monde de Développement sûr  et durable après 2015, la Femme semble d’après nos travaux,  faire partie d’une base incontournable des acteurs de ce magnifique Programme, pourvu que sa situation se voit améliorée vis-à-vis de l’autre sexe.

Nous tenons à présenter pour cette fois la situation de deux catégories sociales qui sont les femmes battues et les veuves.

Le choix de ces catégories est primordial parce qu’elles constituent en grande partie notre lot quotidien dans nos interventions.

I-                   Voici un des cas récents,  la jeune Alima que nous avons sauvé de justesse de la mort, parce que sauvagement bastonnée par son mari à 2heures du matin, heure sensée être propice pour repos mérité de tout être vivant.  C’est à travers notre numéro de téléphone « ligne verte », suffisamment  vulgarisé lors de nos sensibilisations pour lutter contre les violences faites aux femmes que quelques voisins terrifiés par ses cris pitoyables, ont pu nous joindre à cette heure avancée de la nuit afin que nous puissions réagir promptement.

Ayez le courage de parcourir  plutôt les images ci-dessous qui parlent d’elles mêmes de la gravité de cette situation malheureuse que nous avions pris sur nous d’éradiquer contre vents et marées.

La petite Alima comme vous pouvez le constater est complètement défigurée, et le résultat  des soins médicaux, la soumet à  une incapacité d’activités  de 3 mois ! Activités qui lui permettaient de subvenir aux besoins de sa petite famille,  faut-il parler là de l’acte d’un bourreau ou d’un époux ? C’est à vous d’en commenter !

Nous proposons que tous les acteurs de tels actes soient sévèrement punis par la loi, sous le contrôle des organisations qui œuvrent pour la protection de la Femme.

Les projets de lois doivent être murement traités et   proposés dans ce sens par une collaboration sérieuse des politiques et les organisations de la société civile, afin que tous ceux qui pensent que défigurer la Femme tel que nous illustre le cas de la petite Alima sous prétexte de lui infliger une punition, ne soit plus qu’une mauvaise histoire à raconter à la nouvelle génération.

Les Secrétaires d’Etat civil devraient  au moment opportun s’attarder sur ce point qui semble normal à l’époux. Ressortir autant que possible les dangers qu’il court en soumettant sa conjointe aux atrocités.

Créer des écoles d’éducation nuptiale qui devrait  durée  3 mois au moins au niveau des Centres d’Etat civil avant toute cérémonie de mariage.

Introduire dans les programmes scolaires dès le  primaire un programme d’éducation au respect à l’égalité de sexe.

*Travail en collaboration avec les Chefs traditionnels dans le sens d’une révision de la situation de Dot, qui selon le résultat de nos investigations semble se présenter comme la cause première de ces exactions.

* Mettre l’accent sur les campagnes de sensibilisation à grande  échelle, afin que  nul n’ignore la loi.

Les différentes campagnes de sensibilisation menées par LUCOVIFA jusqu’à lors, a  suscité beaucoup de visite d’hommes  dans nos locaux dans le but de s’acquérir de plus d’informations à ce sujet, il en découle que plusieurs d’entre eux ignorent la loi et posent naïvement des actes néfastes à l’encontre de la Femme (sa femme et aussi sa fille).

II-  A  cela s’ajoute le cas d’Anne marie K, veuve issue de 6 enfants mineurs, éjectée avec sa progéniture  du patrimoine familiale après le décès de son conjoint sous prétexte d’inexistence d’acte de mariage, après avoir été soumise à tous les rites angoissantes du veuvage. Nous précisons que ces cas  sont sélectionnés parmi tant d’autres dans  nos interventions.

Cette femme comme bien d’autres subit  les conséquences  de  sa sous scolarisation et le manque d’informations qui à défaut, pouvaient  lui permettre de prendre des dispositions afin d’éviter ce genre de situation malheureuse.

Il ressort de nos travaux que, pour améliorer la situation des victimes, une loi devra naître afin que tout  homme qui garde sous son toi une femme comme conjointe à plus de 6 mois, soit forcé à légaliser leur union, à défaut le mariage est automatiquement reconnu.

Le mariage traditionnel doit être considéré au même titre que le mariage civil, pourvu qu’il soit issu d’une institution traditionnelle bien organisée.  Car ce sont des personnes dignes de foi et mieux averties qui le valide.

Nous avons pensé présenter les situations progressivement afin que ajouter à nos suggestions, le public se manifeste.

Si nous sommes convaincus que la Femme fait partie prenante des acteurs de développement de l’horizon 2015, il est urgent de trouver des solutions durables à ces maux qui entravent leur épanouissement en donnant l’opportunité aux sous scolarisées, des  espaces  d’éducation et d’informations à la vie active de leur environnement.  

A bientôt pour d’autres cas et propositions : Les filles mères, cas qui engendre par ignorance l’émergence d’Enfant de la rue.

djepang yvonne from
Wed, October 17, 2012 at 06.37 pm

Association pour la Promotion de la Lutte Contre les Violences faites aux femmes et la Participation au Développement de la Femme Africaine: LUCOVIFA

Pour construire un Monde de Développement sûr  et durable après 2015, la Femme semble d’après nos travaux,  faire partie d’une base incontournable des acteurs de ce magnifique Programme, pourvu que sa situation se voit améliorée vis-à-vis de l’autre sexe.

Nous tenons à présenter pour cette fois la situation de deux catégories sociales qui sont les femmes battues et les veuves.

Le choix de ces catégories est primordial parce qu’elles constituent en grande partie notre lot quotidien dans nos interventions.

I-                   Voici un des cas récents,  la jeune Alima que nous avons sauvé de justesse de la mort, parce que sauvagement bastonnée par son mari à 2heures du matin, heure sensée être propice pour repos mérité de tout être vivant.  C’est à travers notre numéro de téléphone « ligne verte », suffisamment  vulgarisé lors de nos sensibilisations pour lutter contre les violences faites aux femmes que quelques voisins terrifiés par ses cris pitoyables, ont pu nous joindre à cette heure avancée de la nuit afin que nous puissions réagir promptement.

Ayez le courage de parcourir  plutôt les images ci-dessous qui parlent d’elles mêmes de la gravité de cette situation malheureuse que nous avions pris sur nous d’éradiquer contre vents et marées.

La petite Alima comme vous pouvez le constater est complètement défigurée, et le résultat  des soins médicaux, la soumet à  une incapacité d’activités  de 3 mois ! Activités qui lui permettaient de subvenir aux besoins de sa petite famille,  faut-il parler là de l’acte d’un bourreau ou d’un époux ? C’est à vous d’en commenter !

Nous proposons que tous les acteurs de tels actes soient sévèrement punis par la loi, sous le contrôle des organisations qui œuvrent pour la protection de la Femme.

Les projets de lois doivent être murement traités et   proposés dans ce sens par une collaboration sérieuse des politiques et les organisations de la société civile, afin que tous ceux qui pensent que défigurer la Femme tel que nous illustre le cas de la petite Alima sous prétexte de lui infliger une punition, ne soit plus qu’une mauvaise histoire à raconter à la nouvelle génération.

Les Secrétaires d’Etat civil devraient  au moment opportun s’attarder sur ce point qui semble normal à l’époux. Ressortir autant que possible les dangers qu’il court en soumettant sa conjointe aux atrocités.

Créer des écoles d’éducation nuptiale qui devrait  durée  3 mois au moins au niveau des Centres d’Etat civil avant toute cérémonie de mariage.

Introduire dans les programmes scolaires dès le  primaire un programme d’éducation au respect à l’égalité de sexe.

*Travail en collaboration avec les Chefs traditionnels dans le sens d’une révision de la situation de Dot, qui selon le résultat de nos investigations semble se présenter comme la cause première de ces exactions.

* Mettre l’accent sur les campagnes de sensibilisation à grande  échelle, afin que  nul n’ignore la loi.

Les différentes campagnes de sensibilisation menées par LUCOVIFA jusqu’à lors, a  suscité beaucoup de visite d’hommes  dans nos locaux dans le but de s’acquérir de plus d’informations à ce sujet, il en découle que plusieurs d’entre eux ignorent la loi et posent naïvement des actes néfastes à l’encontre de la Femme (sa femme et aussi sa fille).

II-     A  cela s’ajoute le cas d’Anne marie K, veuve issue de 6 enfants mineurs, éjectée avec sa progéniture  du patrimoine familiale après le décès de son conjoint sous prétexte d’inexistence d’acte de mariage, après avoir été soumise à tous les rites angoissantes du veuvage. Nous précisons que ces cas  sont sélectionnés parmi tant d’autres dans  nos interventions.

Cette femme comme bien d’autres subit  les conséquences  de  sa sous scolarisation et le manque d’informations qui à défaut, pouvaient  lui permettre de prendre des dispositions afin d’éviter ce genre de situation malheureuse.

Il ressort de nos travaux que, pour améliorer la situation des victimes, une loi devra naître afin que tout  homme qui garde sous son toi une femme comme conjointe à plus de 6 mois, soit forcé à légaliser leur union, à défaut le mariage est automatiquement reconnu.

Le mariage traditionnel doit être considéré au même titre que le mariage civil, pourvu qu’il soit issu d’une institution traditionnelle bien organisée.  Car ce sont des personnes dignes de foi et mieux averties qui le valide.

Nous avons pensé présenter les situations progressivement afin que ajouter à nos suggestions, le public se manifeste.

Si nous sommes convaincus que la Femme fait partie prenante des acteurs de développement de l’horizon 2015, il est urgent de trouver des solutions durables à ces maux qui entravent leur épanouissement en donnant l’opportunité aux sous scolarisées, des  espaces  d’éducation et d’informations à la vie active de leur environnement.  

A bientôt pour d’autres cas et propositions : Les filles mères, cas qui engendre par ignorance l’émergence d’Enfant de la rue.

Anonymous from
Tue, October 16, 2012 at 10.11 pm

I think the main problem is not that people does not notice which are the problems around gender equality or gender discrimination. I think the problem are the local governments, which does not denounce or expose their problems, instead they try to hide them. For instance, where I live, Queretaro, a small city in Mexico, we are suffering feminicides: is dangerous to study, to walk alone, to go to parties, they hadn´t found the characteristics of the killed women, so every woman is in danger, and no one is saying anything, there are no news, no reports, not even coments, this is because our city is one of the principal new industrial city and they fear that if people know about this problematics there will be no new money.

Anonymous from
Tue, October 16, 2012 at 10.10 pm

I think the main problem is not that people does not notice which are the problems around gender equality or gender discrimination. I think the problem are the local governments, which does not denounce or expose their problems, instead they try to hide them. For instance, where I live, Queretaro, a small city in Mexico, we are suffering feminicides: is dangerous to study, to walk alone, to go to parties, they hadn´t found the characteristics of the killed women, so every woman is in danger, and no one is saying anything, there are no news, no reports, not even coments, this is because our city is one of the principal new industrial city and they fear that if people know about this problematics there will be no new money.

Debra Roberts from
Wed, October 17, 2012 at 05.35 pm

I am very happy that the global policymakers are seeing gender equality as a critical issue, one that has significant impact on the pace of development in any country.  And although there might never be a consensus on the approach to eradicating the problem, I am of the view that if governments make this a high priority that in incorporated in the national development framework we can see results. More imporantly, the issue has to be addressed in a holistic manner simply because while some countries might be making progress in  one area they might be lagging behind in others. In Guyana for example, while the head of state has been a woman less than a decade ago and women participate  at the highest level in the country, there is widespread inequality in ruran communities, particularly among indigenous people and violence against women( mainly lower income) is prevalent.   

Anonymous from
Tue, October 16, 2012 at 12.59 pm

Aline RIVERA MALDONADO

Doctoranda en Derecho y derechos humanos

Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México

Universidad de Paris X Nanterre La Défense

Tema de investigación: "Las paradojas y los retos de los derechos humanos frente a la pobreza de las mujeres en América latina".

 

  1. ¿Cuáles son las formas más generalizadas y fundamentales de las desigualdades de género que enfrentan las mujeres y las niñas?

Considero que el hecho de que las mujeres sufran con mayor intensidad el fenómeno de la pobreza en el mundo, constituye el ejemplo emblemático para demostrar que la opresión y la desigualdad de las mujeres no han podido ser erradicadas. En regiones como América latina y específicamente en países como México, las mujeres y las niñas deben enfrentar cotidianamente obstáculos culturales, sociales y jurídico-institucionales para poder vivir en condiciones de igualdad y de dignidad.

Hoy en día, la ignorancia y el desconocimiento de la existencia de los derechos, sobre todo en lo que toca a las mujeres y las niñas en situación de pobreza y pobreza extrema, es uno de los obstáculos más grandes a enfrentar. En realidad estamos frente a un fenómeno social que incumbe directamente al Derecho ya que pareciera ser que las mujeres y las niñas (y sobre todo aquéllas en situación de pobreza) no tenemos derechos, a pesar de que los diversos ordenamientos jurídicos  (ya sea nacionales, regionales e internacionales) nos los otorguen de manera formal.

Así, desde mi punto de vista la desigualdad más generalizada en materia de género es la dificultad en el acceso a los derechos humanos. Y la pobreza, entendida como la negación de los derechos, constituye su mayor expresión.

   2. ¿Cuáles son los principales factores estructurales que están en la raíz de estas desigualdades dentro y entre las diferentes sociedades?

El Derecho sería así uno de los factores estructurales que han permitido y contribuido a la perpetuación de la desigualdad género, ya que el reconocimiento de derechos específicos a las mujeres y de los principios de igualdad formal y material siguen (en muchas latitudes) permaneciendo como un mero discurso y no son una realidad para las mujeres y las niñas en situación de pobreza.

  1. ¿Qué tipo de políticas, estrategias e intervenciones han tenido más éxito en el tratamiento de las diversas desigualdades que sufren las mujeres y las niñas? Y bajo qué condiciones / situaciones en las que tienen determinadas políticas, estrategias o intervenciones tenían el más grande, un impacto duradero?

Desde mi punto de vista, considero que necesitamos identificar primero qué están pidiendo las mujeres, atender a los diferentes contextos individuales y comunitarios. Incluso en un mismo país existen diversas desigualdades entre las propias mujeres, por ejemplo en relación a la clase: las problemáticas de las mujeres que viven en situación de pobreza no serán las mismas que aquéllas de las mujeres de clases medias o acomodadas.

Desde mi experiencia he podido darme cuenta de que las estrategias que han tenido más éxito son aquellas que identifican cuáles son las problemáticas/necesidades de las mujeres para poder así entender el contexto y buscar soluciones apropiadas.

En materia de pobreza, en México existen unas pocas organizaciones de la sociedad civil que orientan y dan consejo a las mujeres para que conozcan sus derechos. Estas mujeres han señalado en muchas ocasiones que el saber que tienen derechos y que pueden exigirlos para vivir mejor, les ha cambiado la vida.

  1. Con base en la experiencia, ¿cuáles son las recomendaciones más importantes que podrían proponerse en el Post-2015 Agenda de Desarrollo para lograr un impacto duradero y transformador sobre las diferentes formas de desigualdad que enfrentan las mujeres y las niñas sobre la base de género?

La historia de la lucha por los derechos de las mujeres (y los derechos en general) nos muestra que quienes han podido reivindicar derechos son, en la mayoría en los casos, las mujeres de clases medias o acomodadas, ya que sus historias de vida y la formación e información que recibieron les permitió identificar que el acceso a los derechos es indispensable para vivir mejor. Mientras que las mujeres en situación de pobreza, ocupadas por su sobrevivencia y aquélla de su familia (idea construida sobre la base de los estereotipos y roles de género) han tenido menos oportunidad de que sus voces y sus demandas particulares sean escuchadas y tomadas en cuenta en la agenda de los derechos.

Si queremos abatir la pobreza femenina es necesario tomar en cuenta ese hecho y trabajar sobre la diversidad de problemáticas de la diversidad de mujeres. En ese sentido, considero que no podemos tener una  agenda “única” de trabajo para todas las mujeres, debemos atender a los diversos contextos y hablar con las mujeres para saber qué necesitan.

De igual manera, les debemos decir a las mujeres y a las ninas (con especial atención a aquéllas que sufren de pobreza) que tienen derechos y los pueden exigir.

  1. ¿Qué medidas e iniciativas podrían ser adoptadas por las diferentes partes interesadas, incluida la sociedad civil, para lograr mejoras duraderas en estas desigualdades? ¿Cómo podemos asegurar la fase de implementación del nuevo marco de desarrollo será más incluyente de los que enfrentan desigualdades y más responsables ante ellos?

I) Una propuesta concreta sería ir a las comunidades, zonas en donde hay concentración de mujeres en situación de pobreza (es decir, tomar en cuenta el contexto: zona urbana, rural, migrante, etc.) para hacer encuestas y reportes sobre la situación, las problemáticas concretas y las demandas y/o reivindicaciones de las mujeres en situación de pobreza. Es fundamental saber y entender qué es lo que ellas necesitan para vivir mejor, sin intentar imponer un modelo dominante o una estrategia que podría no corresponder a sus dificultades para combatir la desigualdad y acceder a los derechos.

II) Al igual que muchas de las ideas ya mencionadas aquí, considero que la educación con una perspectiva de género (impartida por igual a niños y niñas) desde los primeros niveles de enseñanza es fundamental para combatir los estereotipos y los roles de género que impiden que las niñas y las mujeres accedan a los derechos.

De igual manera, la impartición de cursos especializados en materia de derechos humanos y derechos de las mujeres desde temprana edad es fundamental para impedir violaciones a los mismos.

III) Como jurista, considero que es fundamental que los Estados que han ratificado los pactos e instrumentos internacionales en materia de derechos humanos en general y en materia de derechos de las mujeres en particular deben atender a sus obligaciones para que los grandes pactos de derechos dejen de ser un mero discurso político. Por ello, es necesario crear mecanismos EFECTIVOS para obligar a los Estados a hacer realidad las grandes declaraciones de derechos. Pero la existencia de buenos mecanismos de efectividad debe forzosamente estar acompañada de la educación en materia de derechos humanos y de las mujeres con perspectiva de género no sólo en las aulas y escuelas, sino en el seno de la sociedad en general.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ronaldo Pila from
Tue, October 16, 2012 at 03.24 am

My early  community and rural development work  have positioned  me to assist marginalized women and  and out of school youths into mainstream development. Simple  programs such as community  vegetable gardening,  leadership  trainings , institutional building  activities which sometimes  entertwined with religious  activities.   Basically,  in Philippine setting, effective leardership  will do  justice and bring in greater impact if religion as part of the cultural heritage  will be taken into consideration  for development activities.  


My rural development and volunteer works  continue  to this day including the my focus to  cross sectional issue of gender and women equity.  My UN mission in India brought me  to a  closer  and  different persperctive where women inequalities in  viewed in another level.   I've witnessed "suttee"   a  tradition that is entirely unacceptable, its a crime and a violation of women rights and dignity, on the contrary  it may have been practiced constantly  specially in rural  regions.   Discrimination of women always come in various forms, in different places  but the structural roots remains  to be the same.  Gender inequality  needs to be addressed.    In the Philippines, the fundamental forms of inequality  still exist and prevalent  not only in the rural  but as  well as in the big cities, like  unreported rape cases, physically abused of wives, and girls trafficking for prostitutions.


To address gender  & women  inequality,  there must be a serious concerted and strong political will particularly of its leaders and legislators.  Cooperation of agencies which can come through exchanges of valuable information to deter especially organized  crime syndicates.  Serious and sincere government  thrusts and advocacy  of educating the citizenry  with emphasis on the sanctions and penalties corresponding to every crimes.


The above recommendations may appear to be  generic  but the specifics will have to be done  to properly addressed  the growing problems to prevent if not to mitigate occurences of gender based inequality.

Anonymous from
Wed, October 17, 2012 at 09.02 pm

Thank so very much for your intresting thoughts, which we agree and follow in most cases, our projects for training are similar as we make every attempt to advocate on behalf of rural women and girls.

As stated we have attended many consultations funded by our government re - gender policy it awalys reach the piont of implementation then sent back to the drawing board for some simple unimportant issue, this has been on our books for many years, we have seen some improvements in that we now have a Ministry of Gender Affairs, concerns are not enough funding to support the work, we have had many workshops on gender bedgeting yet it is not understood

Debra Roberts from
Tue, October 16, 2012 at 02.36 pm

I support your views Ronaldo and wish to reiterate that gender- based issues ought to be a priority in all societies if we are srious about eradicating this social ill. I wonder if it is not time for  fundmental human rights / gender- based issues to be discussed in our schools, since the gender lines are drawn at a very tender age and no counrty is excluded from these oppressive practices.

In my country ( Guyana) for example, many measures were taken at the national level to address gender- based inequality. In fact, according to the World Economic Forum's  Global Gap Index the country  is ranked #38 with respect to gender equality  out of a total of 134 countries around the world . Yet there is widespread gender- based inequality in some rural communities and the incidence of  violence against women has been increasing.

It is very important to note that although measures can be put in place at the national level to protect women and children, it will be to no avail  if there is not EFFECTIVE LEGISLATION. 

Anonymous from
Mon, October 15, 2012 at 03.50 pm

This is a very interesting discussion.

Irene Cocovi MENSAH AZAGNANDJI from
Mon, October 15, 2012 at 02.17 pm

 

 “Towards Gender equality through a holistic approach: Microfinance for women,  Massive Education for girls and Awareness for all the society”

The problem of gender inequality is a serious problem in our societies all around the world. Gender inequality has existed for many years and in many societies, it expresses itself by discriminating women. Ester Boserup (1970) showed that in the traditional system, apart from older women who could be placed beyond young men, boys, other women and girls, all women are subservient groups and girls are at the bottom of the system. Further, she states (p 14) “women’s work, women’s fertility and women’s role in the family and in the society at large have radically changed by economic development”. But this change didn’t remove the problem of gender inequality, it just changed the form. Today, gender inequality takes different forms depending on geographical location and culture. Sen (2001, p 8) denotes seven types of gender inequality in his essay on “many faces of gender inequality”. One among them, natality inequality takes place in a society where women have economic dependence and high education level.   

My country Benin, like many other countries in West Africa, faces gender inequality problems.

 

Gender could be defined as social differences between men and women in the society. These differences are not biological roles, but they are roles assigned by the society. In fact, these characteristic functions could vary from one society to another or within the same society over the time. As (Ester Boserup, 1970, p.14) states: “Women’s work, Women’s fertility and Women’s role in the family and in the society at large have radically changed by Economic Development”. The resolution of gender inequality will necessarily pass by women empowerment. Gender inequality is more a problem of power within the family.  Women situation and position in the family could change according to her economic power and education level. As (Sen, 1999, p. 193) states “the relative respect and regard for women’s well-being is strongly influenced by such variables as women’s ability to earn an independent income, to find employment outside the home, to have ownership right and to have literacy…. All these aspects have in common their positive contribution in adding force to women’s voice and agency through independence and empowerment”. By analyzing all these arguments, and according to my view point, the problem of gender inequality could be resolved only by a holistic or integrated approach. Any approach couldn’t only by itself totally resolve the problem of gender inequality. Women agency is fully developed by an economic empowerment and their access to education. Though we have great inequality which women face, we could try to go beyond the socially assigned role. But the question is how? We have two approaches developed by Ester Boserup (empower women economically) and the capabilities approach developed by Martha Nussbaum (release the women potential to reach her own development) and Sen (Freedom as means and end).

 

In its gender equality strategy (2008-2011, P 5), the UNDP defines gender as the relationship between women and men. Also, it states that “nevertheless, specific attention to women’s needs and contributions is typically required in order to address the array of gender gaps”.

Some studies reveal the importance of women and men to work together to reach gender equality. “The strategy would go beyond focusing on women in isolation, to look at both women and men as actors and beneficiaries of development” (PNUD p3). This approach is considered as “gender mainstreaming”.

 

Case study

Zakpota is one of the 77 districts of my country. It was classified as the 3rd poorest area in the country by the National Institute of statistic and Economy in 2002. In this area, women have no access to land and other ownership rights. Men own the land for agriculture through inheritance and they have easy access to credit through formal bank due to their mobility. Also, the literacy rate of women is around 2%. More depressing, most girls sent to school didn’t ever finish their primary level and they became pregnant. In the case of lack of financial resources, the girls dropped out of school and preference is given to the boys to continue to go to school. Gender inequality is a real problem there and strong actions need to be taken to reach equity between men and woman. The approach I propose here is a holistic approach. I don’t believe in a program of girls schooling alone to resolve this problem, nor do I believe in a women economic empowerment only to resolve this problem. I believe in an integration of these two approaches. What I want to emphasis here is that, culture resists education and economic empowerment of women. This situation appeared clearly in the novel “Changes: A love story” of Ama Ata Aïdo (2002) where even educated and with a good paid job, Esi, a well educated woman is still submitted to gender inequality. And I noticed in this novel, her mother-in-law is the person who is more severe with her. What I want to emphasis here is that, even though gender inequality is a problem between men and women; it is mainly conveyed by women from one generation to another. Women within the family are the guardians of cultural values and transfer these values to their children, boys as well as girls from generation to generation. In the “Good women of China” Xiran through the University student history, showed that education could have a great impact on the attitude of women as well as men. A massive education of girls through two generations will have a positive impact on the quality of cultural values transferred. This will lead to gender equity. In addition to girls’ education, women must benefit from credit and awareness to support their girl child. The impact of this project will take time, but will be more sustainable with accurate result.

This idea has been suggested by Armatya Sen (1999) in his essay. He states that, the economic empowerment of women alone couldn’t lead completely to delete gender inequality. The problem has its root in the cultural aspects since the women themselves couldn’t go beyond the masculinities values received even though they have access to well paid jobs. This search of gender equality should be based on progressive and continued holistic approach through generations.  In order to have the best impact on reducing gender inequality, in term of formal education, more emphasis needs to be put on girls in order to reach parity between men and women about access to education.

 

Therefore, in order to reach a change in this situation in the area, I propose integrated approaches which will take into account the economic needs of the population, women as well as men, but will put an emphasis on girl’s schooling and maintaining them at school. This approach will also promote child care program to facilitate child safety when the mother is not there.

Intervention

The role of the women in society is so large and more often, it does not take in account when it comes to calculating the earnings of the household. These facts lower women’s’ self esteem and therefore reduce the value women have for themselves and how they are valued in society.  To reduce gender inequality, I think, it is important to empower women in all aspects, and also to dialogue with the society as a whole to highlight the impact of these social perceptions of men and women on our development. The reduction of gender inequality could not be done with an action on woman only but an action on women and men. But because it exists one ‘but’, where it exists a gap between women and men and this lead to lesser women efforts, I suggest to reinforce women capacity, abilities and possibilities for better choices. It is only in this way that gender inequality could be reduced.

The second point is the education of young girls. When I talk about education, I mean send girls to formal  schools and maintain them at school. The maintenance of girl’s  at school depends highly on the revenue of her parents and mainly of her mother. These girls send to school will reduce the gender gap in the area in terms of education and will lead to a better life for her family later and thus for the society. More educated girls and boys will lead to a greater capacity change in the society. But the high rate of education could be possible and maintained only if the parents have the economic means.

The empowerment of women goes beyond economic empowerment that must be linked with training for women on self-esteem, gender awareness for men and women. 

                                                                                                                                                      

Conclusion

Gender inequality could be resolved only by a holistic approach.

-First, a microfinance program could give serious opportunity to the very poor women to escape from poverty and to gain respect in their family and society and to change relationships between the members of the family. Economic empowerment could reveal a strong commitment which has been hidden by the lack of economic resources.

-Second, education is a fundamental basic need and right for women to explore all their possibilities as human beings. And a social change could happen not by challenging men, but by a massive education for girl through generations.

-  Some common activities must be set up for the communities as a whole based on their aspirations and what they are doing. This will serve as a platform of exchange on gender issues and its impact on defeating poverty. In these ways, the society as a whole, will understand and try to find the solution to the problem of gender inequality.

Anonymous from
Mon, October 15, 2012 at 10.14 am

Greetings


The major message is that Gender equity should be high on the Post 2015 Development Agenda

Anonymous from
Mon, October 15, 2012 at 10.42 pm

Etant donné qu´aucun pays du globe ne se trouve à l´abri de la violence, tenant compte de la réalité des informations nourrissant les medias, informations radio-diffusée, les images télévisées et pourquoi pas la réalité à l´apportée du public en général et dans nos milieux ambiants et censurées pendant notre univers d´enquête réalisé lors de notre visite d´évaluation dans les Provinces de Moxico, Lunda-Norte et Sul qui, ayant fait l´objet de l´élaboration du présent projet, constituent aussi son rayon d´action;


Le phénomène en soi transcendant les frontières nationales, réligieuses, culturelles, économiques, éthno-sociales, trouvant comme source ou origine les conflits de sexe interpersonnels entre les hommes et les femmes;


En Afrique et dans le contexte partculier de l´Angola, oú en dépit du pouvoir patriarcal très accentué et presque prédominant et fréquant partout et surtout dans les milieux ruraux conservateurs de la culture et normes traditionnelle, oú le taux de prévalence de violence pratiquée par les compagnons de sexe masculin atteint les dimensions hallucinantes, ne se limitant pas seulement aux conflits et agressions vécues au sein des familles, ni celles associées à la bassesse du niveau de scolarité et instruction ou d´origine rurale ou défavorisée, mais s´étend plutôt aux stupres par sabotage, les inégalités dans les salaires, dans l´accès aux études, accès à l´emploi remuneré, accès aux postes de direction et de commandement et diverses autres formes de harcèlement sexuel vécu soit dans les milieux ou endroits de service et autres espaces privées ou publiques, perpetrés contre les femmes par les collègues de service, profissionnels et en majorité souvent porteurs d´un diplome universitaire;


Dans le cas de l´Angola, la violence contre la femme devient auussi l´un des facteurs associé aux résultats des repercussions de la guerre qui a longtemps sécoué le pays, depuis son accession à l´indépendence en 1975 avec toutes ses conséquences néfastes sur le developpement socio-économique, intellectuel ét mental de l´homme angolais, non encore mentalement désarmé qui, toujours fait recourt à la violence qu´au dialogue pour négocier une solution pacifique devant un quelconque problème;


Un autre aspect ou facteur, c´est celui de l´inexistence des lois et rémèdes domestiques efficaces face à la problematique et l´inaccessibilité de services de la police aux domiciles considerés comme domaine privé de la famille, malgrés le rôle important que la police peut jouer dans la prévention de la violence et la protection des victimes en question et comme le code penal en vigueur em Angola, était conçu généralement pour traiter de cas de violence perpetrés dans l´espace publique et ne concerne pas les cas typiques et spécifiques des conflits de violence de l´espace domestique considerée comme domaine privé par la loi existente et à la lumière de l´analyse et observation faites dans certaines institutions gouvernementales d´appui à la femme et certains services de la police , il a été à constaté que le traitement des dossiers ou cas rélatifs aux plaintes contre la violence domestique, dénoncé par les victimes, est en majorité instruit ou traité par les agents qui n´ont pas été au préalable suffisamment formés ou preparés dans la perspective de l´égalité de sexe qui pretent souvent des conceptions érronnées et perceptions inconscientes, quant à ce qui concerne le masculin et le feminin comme il est aussi notoir de remarquer les difficultés que bon nombre de ces agents épprouvent ou présentent pour comprendre la dinamique de la violence contre les femmes tout comme aussi, le fait d´être policier ou femme plicière au service de la police ou dans n´importe quelle autre institution d´appui à la femme ne garanti pas necessairement la solution au problème ou un traitement efficace aux victimes et comprendre completement les logiques productrices de la violence dans l´espace domestique, entre personnes et/ou individus ou entre differents sujets, sans une formation au préalable et comme conséquence plus ou moins 50% des procès sont archivés.


Pour ces raisons ci-haut évoquées, le présent projet vise réaliser et promouvoir les activités résumées sous 3 vollées: 1) renforcer les capacités des profissionnelles ou agents des institutions gouvernementales et non gouvernementales d´appui à la femme, appelées à mener des actions qui visent combattre la violence contre les femmes, ses causes et conséquences, notamment les agents de la police nationale, personnel de Directions de Famille et Promotion de la Femme, personnel de santé, dans le but de leur permettre de surmonter leurs difficultés et augmenter leurs connaissances et expériences; 2)doter aux communautés urbaines, sémi-urbaines, autochtones et locales et en particulier aux femmes de notre rayon d´action des formations leur permettant de devenir protagonistes de leurs propres droits, tout en augmentant leur niveau de connaissance, auto-estime et compréhension des relations entre le sexe.

Anonymous from
Mon, October 15, 2012 at 09.41 am
  1.  What are the most widespread and fundamental forms of gender-based inequalities faced by women and girls?

The most widespread and fundamental forms of gender-based inequalities faced by women and girls are Studies, Researches, Strategies, Policies, Programmes/Projects that are not including sex disaggregated data, gender analyses, gender responsive outcomes, outputs, activities and indicators. These products which  simply forget about more than 51% of humankind and instead of incorporating gender equality and empowerment of women as natural, basic approach they create feeling that gender equality is “add on” and very costly.  This kind of work push the society to invest double amount of real needed to find out what the real situation and real needs in the field are. It takes money, time and deepens gender based
inequalities.

2. What are the major structural factors at the root of these inequalities, within and among different societies?

Created roles stereotype women as family care givers and mothers; men as breadwinner and business persons. And the both, women and men do not recognize their right to autonomy in making decisions about their lives. As consequences we have increased domestic violence and men mortality rate which is from 6 to 12 years higher than women mortality rate in the region. The both consequences are very costly for the societies and prevent economic and any development.

3. Based on experience, what are the most important recommendations that could be proposed in the Post-2015 Development Agenda for making a lasting and transformative impact on the different forms of inequalities faced by women and girls on the basis of gender?

Ensuring that sex-disaggregated data and gender analyses are integral part of any international, national and local analyses, researches, strategies, policies, Programmes/Projects, activities,  and followed by gender responsive budgets.

4. What actions and initiatives could be taken by different stakeholders, including civil society, to bring about lasting improvements in these inequalities? How can we ensure the implementation phase of the new Development Framework will be more inclusive of those who face inequalities, and more accountable to them?

A cost analyses of gender inequality consequences to be done (for example domestic violence costs, men mortality – loosing men in the most effective economic period, 45 to 55 years) Secure presence of gender experts, academia and CSOs representatives in the negotiation, drafting  and defining the FINAL Development Framework. Usually we lose a step at the point the final document being produced.

Anonymous from
Sun, October 14, 2012 at 07.21 am

I WOULD LIKE TO PARTICIPATE AND DISCUSS THE ISSUE OF GENDER INEQUALITY IN LAND ALLOCATION AND SEGREGATION IN AGRICULTURE.

Anonymous from
Sun, October 14, 2012 at 04.45 am

This is a fantastic discussion! I haven't been able to read everything but addressing issues such as gender-based violence should of course be high priorities. 

I'd like to bring another perspective, as this is a discussion about women but also about gender more broadly. There's two key points made above I'll draw on. First, we shouldn't treat women's issues in isolation - they are inherently intertwined with men's issues. Second, we should consider both women's and men's issues in context of how they impact broader processes of social change. 

It's easy to fall into thinking that where women are disempowered, it's always men who hold all the power. Often it's true, but just as often this frame doesn't consider that those men aren't terribly empowered themselves in their own lives. I'm not suggesting that a man can be forgiven for beating his wife or keeping his daughter out of school, just because he's struggling to earn a living or lives in a misogynistic culture. What I am saying is this: focusing only on women's issues is not likely to change his mind in that situation. If we're talking about gender issues, and gender equality, we should talk about women's issues and men's issues openly and equally. 

Also, if we're talking about empowerment, we should think about empowering both poor men and poor women. This is point two, thinking of gender in the larger process of change. It's an "expand the pie" argument, which goes like this: focus only on women's empowerment, and you'll bring some men along but alienate a lot of others, who push back or disengage as they see their relative power diminish. We want to reduce the power differential, but not in a way that makes men feel less empowered to shape their own lives. Rather, focus on women's and men's empowerment, through a gender lens but also a poverty and political one, and the changes that happen are more likely to be perceived as positive - even as they reduce the power differential.  

How to translate that into practical suggestions for the MDGs: my first thought is to expand what we measure as we're trying to benchmark progress on gender issues. For example, we could include indicators of both women's and men's participation in different types of household or community decisions. 

Another thing to measure could be home-based work, eg time spent cooking, cleaning, or collecting water. It's hard to directly compare the value of this to income-earning or agricultural work. But even just talking about it with the same language could could help recognize the value of different types of work, and break down stereotypes about who's supposed to do what. 

Anonymous from
Mon, October 15, 2012 at 09.59 am

Dear Nathan,

Interesting approach. UNDP is having this approach, gender equality and empowerment of women. Gender equality, which have full meaning of
equality for both men and women and empowerment of women, (which is based on the figures which all over the world showing that women are usually “victims” of gender inequality.

Your comment : Another thing to measure could be home-based work, eg time spent cooking, cleaning, or collecting water. It's hard to directly compare the value of this to income-earning or agricultural work. But even just talking about it with the same language could  help recognize the
value of different types of work, and break down stereotypes about who's supposed to do what.

I like it – majority of us, developing gender responsive budgeting modules communicate table on measuring home-based and care work with the participants. If you are interested, send me your –Email address and I will share with you simple example which shows that women with their home and care work usually provide “one more salary” for the family.  Warmly. Klelija

Ntiokam Divine from
Mon, October 15, 2012 at 05.24 am

This is a vital discussion topic because looking into the major life challenges young people and women are most prominenet actors of  society . That said we need to address the issue as much  as possible because women thought they have been placed in kitchens and have to decision to take when policies are been implemented.That said and done women empowerment projects should be enhanced and carried out to ensure the capacity building and enable them feel comfortable in society. That said and done lets encourage women to feel at home and advocate on sustainable project in this regards.

Anonymous from
Sun, October 14, 2012 at 12.05 am

Africa, it is expected that women motivate themselves to actulise equity in all sectors. they should however shun unnecessary rivalry with their fellow women. Lanz earlier noted that as long as women are not actively involved in politics, much deesired change will rather be slow if not elusive.

Anonymous from
Sun, October 14, 2012 at 12.04 am

Africa, it is expected that women motivate themselves to actulise equity in all sectors. they should however shun unnecessary rivalry with their fellow women. Lanz earlier noted that as long as women are not actively involved in politics, much deesired change will rather be slow if not elusive.

Anonymous from
Sun, October 14, 2012 at 12.02 am

In Africa, it is expected that women motivate themselves to actulise equity in all sectors. they should however shun unnecessary rivalry with their fellow women. Lanz earlier noted that as long as women are not actively involved in politics, much deesired change will rather be slow if not elusive.

Anonymous from
Sat, October 13, 2012 at 09.05 pm

I have been restraining myself from making any comment on this critical but sensitive issue.  I have found some men commenting under the condition of anonymity.  But hell they said not only meant for the wicked but also for those who restrained from saying the truth.  I do believe that the world we dream for post 2015 may really not be achieved for as long as our desires are wrong and stands against the dictates of natural justice which indeed demands for equilibrium.

I had observed over the past decades when people, nations and multilateral organisations advocates for peace and human rights but without at the same time advocating for human responsibility.  We have been in search of peace all this while and the situation tends to be more hopeless than when we started the search, failing to realised that an “irresponsible person has no right to his rights”.

I have read several threads in this dialogue, I have not found where issue of woman and girls as regards those virtues that could promote self-respect and building a sustainable family have been seriously discussed and yet no one has noticed such level of imbalance.

There had been several human issues over the past centuries which refused to yield to proffered solutions rather; they get worse from decades to decades because often time it is only the problems that are being discussed or the proffered solutions did not touch the very root of the problems.

The gender issue will not enjoy any solitude.  Looking at gender from family angle, divorce rate today is over 5000% over when I was a teenager some fifty years ago.  By my orientation and personal experiences, I found it difficult to believe in Gender Equally.  My own spiritual orientation (not religion - which already reduce woman to secondary creature) places women has  higher than men and this also reflects in some old traditions which ought to have been  refined and enhanced for more practicability if the recent goals had been the issue of women’s human rights or women’s rights direct!

The world has failed to search objectively into the root causes of abnormality in the relationship between the two genders either as related to family or public life.  What are their true nature and their natural duties, there is no argument that out of ignorance of the early days, men sensing some high level of power in women had imposed some limitations which if studied and handled carefully in development process it should have been eliminated by this present age.

Take issue of education as one example; who else should have the highest education when you considered the height of women’s responsibility to care for human beings, both the children and even the man and also the house and the larger environment.  I had over the years advocate for the maximum education for girl child if we are to achieve a meaningful and peaceful world.

On the inheritance, issue, my opinion is that of shifting greater emphasis on the rights of women on the properties owned by her husband as property jointly owned which indeed she must have greater rights as similar to the rights men have over children, bearing his identity, even though woman carried the pregnancies each for nine months.

If we carefully study the nature or man and woman as related to other contending issues objectively and without unnecessary sentiment, issues such as: economic inequality, social oppression, lack of access to power, employment, etc., a sustainable solution will fall in place sooner than later with each gender recognising her/his responsibility given respect to each other as they live in accordance with the dictates of natural justice which promotes peace and harmony.

One very important point is that men constitute even lesser obstacles when it comes to women’s rights as related to family life.  I had severally experienced where women more often in men’s family of origin places the world of pains on the path of  a their counterpart as wives, whereas, men often will be willing to escape with their women and children to offer them adequate protections against the war emanating more from women’s authority within the family of origin.  At death of a man, it is often the women in the family of origin who poses more threat to the woman in the house.

The new education should be how women and men could recognise their individual roles and when it concerned the public related matters, it is the government regulations that must do more to protect the position of women as she further integrate her selves in the men’s world.  Have you not noticed the arrival of a new baby in a family, the original occupant, often the last of the baby in the house feel threatened and exhibit lots of hostility?  Government must play the role of parents to broker peace and assure both gender of level playing ground.  In the industries and government offices, women in lower cadre do even exhibit more hostility towards their counterparts in higher offices than men will seldom do.  Both genders really need education for a more peaceful world that we all should genuinely desire!

 

 

 

 

Anonymous from
Sat, October 13, 2012 at 09.03 pm

I have been restraining myself from making any comment on this critical but sensitive issue.  I have found some men commenting under the condition of anonymity.  But hell they said not only meant for the wicked but also for those who restrained from saying the truth.  I do believe that the world we dream for post 2015 may really not be achieved for as long as our desires are wrong and stands against the dictates of natural justice which indeed demands for equilibrium.

I had observed over the past decades when people, nations and multilateral organisations advocates for peace and human rights but without at the same time advocating for human responsibility.  We have been in search of peace all this while and the situation tends to be more hopeless than when we started the search, failing to realised that an “irresponsible person has no right to his rights”.

I have read several threads in this dialogue, I have not found where issue of woman and girls as regards those virtues that could promote self-respect and building a sustainable family have been seriously discussed and yet no one has noticed such level of imbalance.

There had been several human issues over the past centuries which refused to yield to proffered solutions rather; they get worse from decades to decades because often time it is only the problems that are being discussed or the proffered solutions did not touch the very root of the problems.

The gender issue will not enjoy any solitude.  Looking at gender from family angle, divorce rate today is over 5000% over when I was a teenager some fifty years ago.  By my orientation and personal experiences, I found it difficult to believe in Gender Equally.  My own spiritual orientation (not religion - which already reduce woman to secondary creature) places women has  higher than men and this also reflects in some old traditions which ought to have been  refined and enhanced for more practicability if the recent goals had been the issue of women’s human rights or women’s rights direct!

The world has failed to search objectively into the root causes of abnormality in the relationship between the two genders either as related to family or public life.  What are their true nature and their natural duties, there is no argument that out of ignorance of the early days, men sensing some high level of power in women had imposed some limitations which if studied and handled carefully in development process it should have been eliminated by this present age.

Take issue of education as one example; who else should have the highest education when you considered the height of women’s responsibility to care for human beings, both the children and even the man and also the house and the larger environment.  I had over the years advocate for the maximum education for girl child if we are to achieve a meaningful and peaceful world.

On the inheritance, issue, my opinion is that of shifting greater emphasis on the rights of women on the properties owned by her husband as property jointly owned which indeed she must have greater rights as similar to the rights men have over children, bearing his identity, even though woman carried the pregnancies each for nine months.

If we carefully study the nature or man and woman as related to other contending issues objectively and without unnecessary sentiment, issues such as: economic inequality, social oppression, lack of access to power, employment, etc., a sustainable solution will fall in place sooner than later with each gender recognising her/his responsibility given respect to each other as they live in accordance with the dictates of natural justice which promotes peace and harmony.

One very important point is that men constitute even lesser obstacles when it comes to women’s rights as related to family life.  I had severally experienced where women more often in men’s family of origin places the world of pains on the path of  a their counterpart as wives, whereas, men often will be willing to escape with their women and children to offer them adequate protections against the war emanating more from women’s authority within the family of origin.  At death of a man, it is often the women in the family of origin who poses more threat to the woman in the house.

The new education should be how women and men could recognise their individual roles and when it concerned the public related matters, it is the government regulations that must do more to protect the position of women as she further integrate her selves in the men’s world.  Have you not noticed the arrival of a new baby in a family, the original occupant, often the last of the baby in the house feel threatened and exhibit lots of hostility?  Government must play the role of parents to broker peace and assure both gender of level playing ground.  In the industries and government offices, women in lower cadre do even exhibit more hostility towards their counterparts in higher offices than men will seldom do.  Both genders really need education for a more peaceful world that we all should genuinely desire!

 

 

 

 

Anonymous from
Sat, October 13, 2012 at 09.03 pm

I have been restraining myself from making any comment on this critical but sensitive issue.  I have found some men commenting under the condition of anonymity.  But hell they said not only meant for the wicked but also for those who restrained from saying the truth.  I do believe that the world we dream for post 2015 may really not be achieved for as long as our desires are wrong and stands against the dictates of natural justice which indeed demands for equilibrium.

I had observed over the past decades when people, nations and multilateral organisations advocates for peace and human rights but without at the same time advocating for human responsibility.  We have been in search of peace all this while and the situation tends to be more hopeless than when we started the search, failing to realised that an “irresponsible person has no right to his rights”.

I have read several threads in this dialogue, I have not found where issue of woman and girls as regards those virtues that could promote self-respect and building a sustainable family have been seriously discussed and yet no one has noticed such level of imbalance.

There had been several human issues over the past centuries which refused to yield to proffered solutions rather; they get worse from decades to decades because often time it is only the problems that are being discussed or the proffered solutions did not touch the very root of the problems.

The gender issue will not enjoy any solitude.  Looking at gender from family angle, divorce rate today is over 5000% over when I was a teenager some fifty years ago.  By my orientation and personal experiences, I found it difficult to believe in Gender Equally.  My own spiritual orientation (not religion - which already reduce woman to secondary creature) places women has  higher than men and this also reflects in some old traditions which ought to have been  refined and enhanced for more practicability if the recent goals had been the issue of women’s human rights or women’s rights direct!

The world has failed to search objectively into the root causes of abnormality in the relationship between the two genders either as related to family or public life.  What are their true nature and their natural duties, there is no argument that out of ignorance of the early days, men sensing some high level of power in women had imposed some limitations which if studied and handled carefully in development process it should have been eliminated by this present age.

Take issue of education as one example; who else should have the highest education when you considered the height of women’s responsibility to care for human beings, both the children and even the man and also the house and the larger environment.  I had over the years advocate for the maximum education for girl child if we are to achieve a meaningful and peaceful world.

On the inheritance, issue, my opinion is that of shifting greater emphasis on the rights of women on the properties owned by her husband as property jointly owned which indeed she must have greater rights as similar to the rights men have over children, bearing his identity, even though woman carried the pregnancies each for nine months.

If we carefully study the nature or man and woman as related to other contending issues objectively and without unnecessary sentiment, issues such as: economic inequality, social oppression, lack of access to power, employment, etc., a sustainable solution will fall in place sooner than later with each gender recognising her/his responsibility given respect to each other as they live in accordance with the dictates of natural justice which promotes peace and harmony.

One very important point is that men constitute even lesser obstacles when it comes to women’s rights as related to family life.  I had severally experienced where women more often in men’s family of origin places the world of pains on the path of  a their counterpart as wives, whereas, men often will be willing to escape with their women and children to offer them adequate protections against the war emanating more from women’s authority within the family of origin.  At death of a man, it is often the women in the family of origin who poses more threat to the woman in the house.

The new education should be how women and men could recognise their individual roles and when it concerned the public related matters, it is the government regulations that must do more to protect the position of women as she further integrate her selves in the men’s world.  Have you not noticed the arrival of a new baby in a family, the original occupant, often the last of the baby in the house feel threatened and exhibit lots of hostility?  Government must play the role of parents to broker peace and assure both gender of level playing ground.  In the industries and government offices, women in lower cadre do even exhibit more hostility towards their counterparts in higher offices than men will seldom do.  Both genders really need education for a more peaceful world that we all should genuinely desire!

 

 

 

 

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