Hunger, Food Security and Nutrition
This page aims to bring together voices from across the globe in a conversation on food security and nutrition. After the initial consultation which drew over 250 contributions, we will be continuing the discussion with more engagements as the post-2015 framework takes greater shape. This consultation is co-led by FAO and WFP in partnership with the governments of Colombia and Spain.
The United Nations Open Working Group (OWG) has adopted by acclamation a proposal for 17 goals and 169 targets on Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) at its 13th and final session in New York.
Some 16 months after its opening, the OWG - mandated by the Outcome Document (The Future We Want) of the UN Conference on Sustainable Development (Rio+20) - concluded its work on 19 July following a marathon last day that ended with OWG members congratulating Co-Chairs Macharia Kamau (Kenya) and Csaba Kőrösi (Hungary) on the final reading of the document.
The report, which will now be proposed to the General Assembly (UNGA) in September, is a significant input to the post-2015 development agenda, the process that will determine a successor framework to the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) at the end of 2015.
- Outcome Document - Open Working Group on Sustainable Development Goals
- Open Working Group on Sustainable Development Goals
Among the 17 proposed goals are
- End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition, and promote sustainable agriculture (Goal 2);
- Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development (Goal 14);
- Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss (Goal 15).
Focusing its post-2015 work on 14 themes, FAO, which co-led and contributed to material preparation for many of the eight OWG stocktaking sessions between March 2013 and February 2014, is also closely associated with a number of other proposed goals, notably:
- End poverty in all its forms everywhere (Goal 1);
- Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all (Goal 6);
- Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns (Goal 12).
Following the report of the OWG on SDGs to the UNGA, the UN Secretary-General will release a post-2015 synthesis report in late 2014 before final Member State deliberations on the post-2015 development agenda commence early next year. A new set of global development goals to succeed the MDGs is expected to be endorsed at a high-level summit in September 2015.
A string of events over the last few months of 2014 looks set to give greater form to the post-2015 development agenda, the framework that will succeed the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) at the end of 2015.
The report of the United Nations Open Working Group to the UN General Assembly with proposed Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), the UN Secretary-General’s synthesis report of all major post-2015 contributions and a batch of high-profile global conferences in areas closely related to post-2015 discussion will all take place in the final third of the year.
The events will pave the way to intergovernmental negotiations on new goals in 2015, a year already being described as pivotal for global development.
Upcoming events in 2014 related to post-2015
- 27-29 August, New York: 65th Annual UN DPI/NGO Conference - The role of civil society in the post 2015 development agenda
- 1-4 September, Apia, Tuamasaga, Samoa: Third Conference on Small Island Developing States
- 11-12 September, New York: United Nations General Assembly Stock-Taking Exercise on the Post-2015 Development Agenda.
- 16-29 September, New York: 69th Session of the UN General Assembly (UNGA 69)
- 22-23 September, New York: 2014 World Conference on Indigenous Peoples
- 23 September, New York: Climate Summit 2014
- 29 September- 3 October, Rome: 24th Session of the FAO Committee on Agriculture
- 13-18 October, Rome: 41st session Committee on World Food Security (CFS)
- 19-21 November, Rome: Second International Conference on Nutrition (ICN2)
- November-December (expected) - UN Secretary-General’s synthesis report on post-2015
The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) has released proposed targets and indicators for 14 themes the Organization is focusing on in support of the UN-wide process to define global Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
Following April’s release of common targets and indicators by the Rome-based Agencies (FAO, IFAD and WFP), these 14 themes span FAO’s broader mandate, covering areas related to food security, nutrition, and sustainable agriculture, but also rural poverty, environmental stewardship and the sustainable management of natural resources.
The themes capture interlinkages between food security and priority areas of the new agenda, shining a light on areas for special attention in feeding a world population projected to grow from 7 to 9 billion by 2050.
FAO’s 14 themes are: Food Security and the Right to Food; Nutrition; Poverty Eradication; Resilience; Social Protection; Climate Change; Ecosystems, Biodiversity and Genetics; Energy; Fisheries, Aquaculture, Oceans and Seas; Forests and Mountains; Land and Soils; Sustainable Agriculture; Tenure Rights; and Water.
The themes’ associated targets are aspirational yet realistic and universally relevant, while indicators meet criteria including data availability and adaptability to country contexts.
With the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) reaching their target date at the end of 2015, UN Members are currently discussing goals and targets for a proposal on SDGs to the UN General Assembly in September 2014. Government negotiations will then follow before September 2015 when the successor framework to the MDGs is set to be announced.
FAO has been supporting governments and other stakeholders in the post-2015 development agenda by providing technical expertise in areas related to its mandate.
As the Rome-based Agencies – FAO, IFAD and WFP – release common targets and indicators on food security, nutrition and sustainable agriculture, Maria Helena Semedo, FAO’s Deputy Director-General for Natural Resources gives an overview of the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)’s role in the post-2015 process.
Highlighting the achievements of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) in poverty and hunger, she explains how the world has moved on since the year 2000 and how very different the post-2015 development framework will be.
FAO, along with other UN entities, are providing technical support to member states of the United Nations and other stakeholders as they decide new goals before the MDGs expire at the end of 2015.
Food security, nutrition and sustainable agriculture is at the heart of the sustainability agenda, she says, before describing how FAO’s focus – embodied by its 14 themes - is fixed on ensuring long-term harmony between people and the planet.